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Vägen mot målen - en undersökning av förhållandet mellan målsättning och personlighet

Haglund, Kajsa LU (2009) PSPP01 20091
Department of Psychology
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate how elite distance runners in Sweden work effectively with goal setting and whether effective goal setting is related to the athlete’s personality. Goal setting is one of the most commonly used strategies to enhance performance, but it is not widely known how to use it effectively with respect to individual differences. 26 participants were interviewed regarding their use of goal setting and afterwards asked to fill out one personality test, the NEOLike Small, and one test for goal orientation, the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire. The results showed a negative correlation between ego orientation in sport and agreeableness (r = -0,58), as well as between ego orientation and... (More)
The aim of this study was to investigate how elite distance runners in Sweden work effectively with goal setting and whether effective goal setting is related to the athlete’s personality. Goal setting is one of the most commonly used strategies to enhance performance, but it is not widely known how to use it effectively with respect to individual differences. 26 participants were interviewed regarding their use of goal setting and afterwards asked to fill out one personality test, the NEOLike Small, and one test for goal orientation, the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire. The results showed a negative correlation between ego orientation in sport and agreeableness (r = -0,58), as well as between ego orientation and conscientiousness (r = -0,47). A positive correlation was found between agreeableness and conscientiousness (r = 0,68). The participants’ responses to the interview guide were all fairly similar, which led to a discussion about cultural influences. Furthermore the responses from the participants indicated an incomplete interaction between the coach and the athlete, which generated suggestions of future improvements in goal setting strategies. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur svenska elitlöpare i Sverige arbetar effektivt med målsättning och om det kan finnas ett samband mellan en effektiv målsättning och elitlöparens personlighet. Målsättning ses som en av de mest vanliga strategierna för att förbättra prestation, men alla vet inte hur de ska använda den för att maximera effekten i förhållande till individuella skillnader. 26 deltagare intervjuades angående deras användning av målsättning och fyllde efteråt i ett personlighetstest, NEOLike Small, och ett test för målinriktning, Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire. Resultaten visade på ett negativt samband mellan såväl individorienterad målinriktning och vänlighet (r = -0,58) som individorienterad målinriktning... (More)
Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur svenska elitlöpare i Sverige arbetar effektivt med målsättning och om det kan finnas ett samband mellan en effektiv målsättning och elitlöparens personlighet. Målsättning ses som en av de mest vanliga strategierna för att förbättra prestation, men alla vet inte hur de ska använda den för att maximera effekten i förhållande till individuella skillnader. 26 deltagare intervjuades angående deras användning av målsättning och fyllde efteråt i ett personlighetstest, NEOLike Small, och ett test för målinriktning, Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire. Resultaten visade på ett negativt samband mellan såväl individorienterad målinriktning och vänlighet (r = -0,58) som individorienterad målinriktning och samvetsgrannhet (r = -0,47). Ett positivt samband hittades mellan vänlighet och samvetsgrannhet (r = 0,68). Deltagarna svarade relativt lika på intervjufrågorna, vilket ledde till en diskussion om kulturella influenser. Dessutom indikerade deltagarnas berättelser en bristande kommunikation mellan tränaren och den aktive, vilket gav upphov till funderingar kring åtgärder. (Less)
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author
Haglund, Kajsa LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPP01 20091
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
elitaktiva distanslöpare, målsättning, målinriktning, personlighet
language
Swedish
id
1437092
date added to LUP
2009-07-06 14:13:54
date last changed
2009-07-06 14:13:54
@misc{1437092,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to investigate how elite distance runners in Sweden work effectively with goal setting and whether effective goal setting is related to the athlete’s personality. Goal setting is one of the most commonly used strategies to enhance performance, but it is not widely known how to use it effectively with respect to individual differences. 26 participants were interviewed regarding their use of goal setting and afterwards asked to fill out one personality test, the NEOLike Small, and one test for goal orientation, the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire. The results showed a negative correlation between ego orientation in sport and agreeableness (r = -0,58), as well as between ego orientation and conscientiousness (r = -0,47). A positive correlation was found between agreeableness and conscientiousness (r = 0,68). The participants’ responses to the interview guide were all fairly similar, which led to a discussion about cultural influences. Furthermore the responses from the participants indicated an incomplete interaction between the coach and the athlete, which generated suggestions of future improvements in goal setting strategies.},
  author       = {Haglund, Kajsa},
  keyword      = {elitaktiva distanslöpare,målsättning,målinriktning,personlighet},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Vägen mot målen - en undersökning av förhållandet mellan målsättning och personlighet},
  year         = {2009},
}