Advanced

Did the state make all the difference? A case study of state influence on development in Botswana and Zambia

Emmel, Silja LU (2009) STVK01 20092
Department of Political Science
Abstract
This thesis investigates the role states play in promoting and directing a country’s development. More specifically, it is examined, which factors determine differences in state performance and why different types of states form. This is done through a comparative case study of Botswana and Zambia, two southern African countries that after a similar start into independence developed very differently. By looking at those two cases it is found that in both countries the level of congruence between precolonial, colonial and post-colonial state had a strong influence on the type of state that formed after independence. Further, it is found that the respective states played a key role in determining developmental success or failure. Botswana’s... (More)
This thesis investigates the role states play in promoting and directing a country’s development. More specifically, it is examined, which factors determine differences in state performance and why different types of states form. This is done through a comparative case study of Botswana and Zambia, two southern African countries that after a similar start into independence developed very differently. By looking at those two cases it is found that in both countries the level of congruence between precolonial, colonial and post-colonial state had a strong influence on the type of state that formed after independence. Further, it is found that the respective states played a key role in determining developmental success or failure. Botswana’s strong developmental state was able to lead Botswana towards successful economic
development. Zambia’s development, on the other hand, suffered greatly under its neo-patrimonial state for years. These findings support arguments for an increased focus on the state as an agent of development and raise questions concerning the, until recently, highly influential neo-liberal arguments for a minimal state and free market forces. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Emmel, Silja LU
supervisor
organization
course
STVK01 20092
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
state types, Zambia, Botswana, State-directed development, process of state formation
language
English
id
1502128
date added to LUP
2009-12-18 14:09:45
date last changed
2009-12-18 14:09:45
@misc{1502128,
  abstract     = {This thesis investigates the role states play in promoting and directing a country’s development. More specifically, it is examined, which factors determine differences in state performance and why different types of states form. This is done through a comparative case study of Botswana and Zambia, two southern African countries that after a similar start into independence developed very differently. By looking at those two cases it is found that in both countries the level of congruence between precolonial, colonial and post-colonial state had a strong influence on the type of state that formed after independence. Further, it is found that the respective states played a key role in determining developmental success or failure. Botswana’s strong developmental state was able to lead Botswana towards successful economic
development. Zambia’s development, on the other hand, suffered greatly under its neo-patrimonial state for years. These findings support arguments for an increased focus on the state as an agent of development and raise questions concerning the, until recently, highly influential neo-liberal arguments for a minimal state and free market forces.},
  author       = {Emmel, Silja},
  keyword      = {state types,Zambia,Botswana,State-directed development,process of state formation},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Did the state make all the difference? A case study of state influence on development in Botswana and Zambia},
  year         = {2009},
}