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The Isolated Peasant. Long-term Growth in Demand and Spatial Patterns of Agricultural Supply in Southern Sweden, 1702-1857

Bergenfeldt, Fredrik (2009)
Department of Economic History
Abstract
Previous research has found clear spatial patterns of agricultural supply, both in pre-industrial Europe (Grantham 1978; Grantham 1989; Kopsidis 2009) and in the less developed countries of today (Benziger 1996; Stifel & Minten 2008). The spatial structure of farming intensity is mainly attributed to the declining net-returns with the distance from the market. This paper examines the impact of distance on agricultural productivity and whether the long-term growth in demand had a diminishing impact on the spatial variation in farming intensity. The analysis is carried out by using a database on estimates of agricultural production on the micro-level together with additional information on distance from a map from the 19th century for about... (More)
Previous research has found clear spatial patterns of agricultural supply, both in pre-industrial Europe (Grantham 1978; Grantham 1989; Kopsidis 2009) and in the less developed countries of today (Benziger 1996; Stifel & Minten 2008). The spatial structure of farming intensity is mainly attributed to the declining net-returns with the distance from the market. This paper examines the impact of distance on agricultural productivity and whether the long-term growth in demand had a diminishing impact on the spatial variation in farming intensity. The analysis is carried out by using a database on estimates of agricultural production on the micro-level together with additional information on distance from a map from the 19th century for about 2200 farm households in the province of Scania in southern Sweden during the period 1702-1857. The effect of distance on agricultural production is studied with a general least square regression (GLS) for the time periods 1702-1775, 1776-1825 and 1826-1857. The results demonstrate a distinct spatial variation in farming intensity in southern Sweden. Further, the findings also show that the spatial patterns of agricultural supply even increased over time, despite a considerable growth in demand. Overall, the results indicate that increasing demand in itself was not a sufficient pre-condition for reducing the spatial variation in farming intensity. (Less)
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author
Bergenfeldt, Fredrik
supervisor
organization
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
spatial patterns of agricultural supply, growth in demand, von Thünen, distance, markets, town., Social and economic history, Ekonomisk och social historia
language
English
id
1502494
date added to LUP
2009-09-21 00:00:00
date last changed
2010-08-03 10:52:48
@misc{1502494,
  abstract     = {Previous research has found clear spatial patterns of agricultural supply, both in pre-industrial Europe (Grantham 1978; Grantham 1989; Kopsidis 2009) and in the less developed countries of today (Benziger 1996; Stifel & Minten 2008). The spatial structure of farming intensity is mainly attributed to the declining net-returns with the distance from the market. This paper examines the impact of distance on agricultural productivity and whether the long-term growth in demand had a diminishing impact on the spatial variation in farming intensity. The analysis is carried out by using a database on estimates of agricultural production on the micro-level together with additional information on distance from a map from the 19th century for about 2200 farm households in the province of Scania in southern Sweden during the period 1702-1857. The effect of distance on agricultural production is studied with a general least square regression (GLS) for the time periods 1702-1775, 1776-1825 and 1826-1857. The results demonstrate a distinct spatial variation in farming intensity in southern Sweden. Further, the findings also show that the spatial patterns of agricultural supply even increased over time, despite a considerable growth in demand. Overall, the results indicate that increasing demand in itself was not a sufficient pre-condition for reducing the spatial variation in farming intensity.},
  author       = {Bergenfeldt, Fredrik},
  keyword      = {spatial patterns of agricultural supply,growth in demand,von Thünen,distance,markets,town.,Social and economic history,Ekonomisk och social historia},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The Isolated Peasant. Long-term Growth in Demand and Spatial Patterns of Agricultural Supply in Southern Sweden, 1702-1857},
  year         = {2009},
}