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Att skapa ett syndrom - Aspergers syndrom konstruerat enligt fyra olika diskurser

Karlsson, Alexander LU and Karis, Emma LU (2010) PSPT01 20092
Department of Psychology
Abstract (Swedish)
Psykiatriska diagnoser är idag fler än någonsin, berör ett stort antal människor och är genom olika processer i ständig förändring. Syftet med denna studie, som är en diskursanalys, är att undersöka på vilka sätt och inom vilka diskurser psykiatriska diagnoser kan konstrueras. Materialet består av intervjuer med tre grupper; personer som själva har Aspergers syndrom, personer som har barn med Aspergers syndrom och personer som arbetar professionellt med att diagnosticera Aspergers syndrom, samt av texter från internetsajter av och för personer med Aspergers syndrom. Metoden för analys är Foucauldian Discourse Analysis. Genom analysen identifierades fyra olika diskurser; en biomedicinsk, en emancipatorisk, en samhällsorienterad samt en... (More)
Psykiatriska diagnoser är idag fler än någonsin, berör ett stort antal människor och är genom olika processer i ständig förändring. Syftet med denna studie, som är en diskursanalys, är att undersöka på vilka sätt och inom vilka diskurser psykiatriska diagnoser kan konstrueras. Materialet består av intervjuer med tre grupper; personer som själva har Aspergers syndrom, personer som har barn med Aspergers syndrom och personer som arbetar professionellt med att diagnosticera Aspergers syndrom, samt av texter från internetsajter av och för personer med Aspergers syndrom. Metoden för analys är Foucauldian Discourse Analysis. Genom analysen identifierades fyra olika diskurser; en biomedicinsk, en emancipatorisk, en samhällsorienterad samt en psykologisk. Resultatet pekar på att diskurserna står i konflikt med varandra men också kan samexistera. Den biomedicinska diskursen har en viss dominans. De andra tre diskurserna är viktiga för att problematisera den dominerande diskursens konstruktioner. (Less)
Abstract
Psychiatric diagnoses are plentiful in numbers. They affect a large number of people and they are in a constant line of development. The purpose of this discourse analysis is to examine in which ways a psychiatric diagnosis may be constructed according to various discourses. Interviews were held with individuals diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome, parents of individuals with Asperger Syndrome and professionals working with diagnosing Asperger Syndrome. Also analysed were texts collected from the Internet, made by and dedicated to individuals with Asperger Syndrome. The method for analysis is Foucauldian Discourse Analysis. Four discourses constructing Asperger Syndrome were found; ”bio-medicine”, the ”emancipatory”, the ”psychological” and... (More)
Psychiatric diagnoses are plentiful in numbers. They affect a large number of people and they are in a constant line of development. The purpose of this discourse analysis is to examine in which ways a psychiatric diagnosis may be constructed according to various discourses. Interviews were held with individuals diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome, parents of individuals with Asperger Syndrome and professionals working with diagnosing Asperger Syndrome. Also analysed were texts collected from the Internet, made by and dedicated to individuals with Asperger Syndrome. The method for analysis is Foucauldian Discourse Analysis. Four discourses constructing Asperger Syndrome were found; ”bio-medicine”, the ”emancipatory”, the ”psychological” and the ”socially oriented”. The four seem to be in conflict, but can also coexist. The bio-medical discourse was found to be somewhat more dominating. The other three were found important in order to diverse the picture. (Less)
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author
Karlsson, Alexander LU and Karis, Emma LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPT01 20092
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
discourse, psychology, bio-medicine, psychiatric diagnoses, Foucauldian Discourse Analysis, socialkonstruktionism, diskurser, emancipatorisk, samhällsorienterad, biomedicin, psykologi, psykiatriska diagnoser, Aspergers syndrom, socially oriented, social Constructionism, emancipatory
language
Swedish
id
1545726
date added to LUP
2010-02-17 17:18:29
date last changed
2010-02-17 17:18:29
@misc{1545726,
  abstract     = {Psychiatric diagnoses are plentiful in numbers. They affect a large number of people and they are in a constant line of development. The purpose of this discourse analysis is to examine in which ways a psychiatric diagnosis may be constructed according to various discourses. Interviews were held with individuals diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome, parents of individuals with Asperger Syndrome and professionals working with diagnosing Asperger Syndrome. Also analysed were texts collected from the Internet, made by and dedicated to individuals with Asperger Syndrome. The method for analysis is Foucauldian Discourse Analysis. Four discourses constructing Asperger Syndrome were found; ”bio-medicine”, the ”emancipatory”, the ”psychological” and the ”socially oriented”. The four seem to be in conflict, but can also coexist. The bio-medical discourse was found to be somewhat more dominating. The other three were found important in order to diverse the picture.},
  author       = {Karlsson, Alexander and Karis, Emma},
  keyword      = {discourse,psychology,bio-medicine,psychiatric diagnoses,Foucauldian Discourse Analysis,socialkonstruktionism,diskurser,emancipatorisk,samhällsorienterad,biomedicin,psykologi,psykiatriska diagnoser,Aspergers syndrom,socially oriented,social Constructionism,emancipatory},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Att skapa ett syndrom - Aspergers syndrom konstruerat enligt fyra olika diskurser},
  year         = {2010},
}