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Naturens politik och politikens natur: Tropisk skog och REDD i förhandling

Olsson, Adam LU (2010) HEKK01 20092
Human Ecology
Abstract
In the pursuit to abate climate change, multilateral approaches have been the prevailing weapon of choice. The goal of these approaches has been to reduce emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases to avoid dangerous anthropogenic climate change. Recent assessments of emission sectors show that 20% of emissions are caused by deforestation and degradation of tropical forests. Hence, a new forest regime - REDD - has been developed under the UNFCCC to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. The mechanism is meant to compensate countries with tropical forest for their conservation efforts, but it is not without serious obstacles. The purpose of this thesis is to examine what aspects of REDD that is presented as... (More)
In the pursuit to abate climate change, multilateral approaches have been the prevailing weapon of choice. The goal of these approaches has been to reduce emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases to avoid dangerous anthropogenic climate change. Recent assessments of emission sectors show that 20% of emissions are caused by deforestation and degradation of tropical forests. Hence, a new forest regime - REDD - has been developed under the UNFCCC to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. The mechanism is meant to compensate countries with tropical forest for their conservation efforts, but it is not without serious obstacles. The purpose of this thesis is to examine what aspects of REDD that is presented as problematic. Drawing on prominent research in the field of forest conservation I ask if there are certain problematic areas that are excluded from the REDD negotiations and what consequences that may have on the protection of tropical forest. This analysis is based on theories of international relations, ecologically unequal exchange and world-system theory. This analysis leads to the conclusion that critical aspects of successful conservation are marginalized within the UNFCCC negotiations. There is also a tendency to promote technical rather than political issues in the REDD negotiations, which entails a risk if one fails to lay down the political groundwork in order to make REDD operational. There is none the less reason to see REDD as an extension of forests into the political realm, an arena for political contestation and simulation rather than actual political policy. (Less)
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author
Olsson, Adam LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
The Politics of Nature and the Nature of Politics: Negotiating REDD and Tropical Forests
course
HEKK01 20092
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
REDD, biodiversity, deforestation, forest degradation, MRV, tropical forests, world-system theory, ecologically unequal exchange, forest regime, climate change
language
Swedish
id
1578614
date added to LUP
2010-11-15 10:06:09
date last changed
2010-11-15 10:06:09
@misc{1578614,
  abstract     = {In the pursuit to abate climate change, multilateral approaches have been the prevailing weapon of choice. The goal of these approaches has been to reduce emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases to avoid dangerous anthropogenic climate change. Recent assessments of emission sectors show that 20% of emissions are caused by deforestation and degradation of tropical forests. Hence, a new forest regime - REDD - has been developed under the UNFCCC to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. The mechanism is meant to compensate countries with tropical forest for their conservation efforts, but it is not without serious obstacles. The purpose of this thesis is to examine what aspects of REDD that is presented as problematic. Drawing on prominent research in the field of forest conservation I ask if there are certain problematic areas that are excluded from the REDD negotiations and what consequences that may have on the protection of tropical forest. This analysis is based on theories of international relations, ecologically unequal exchange and world-system theory. This analysis leads to the conclusion that critical aspects of successful conservation are marginalized within the UNFCCC negotiations. There is also a tendency to promote technical rather than political issues in the REDD negotiations, which entails a risk if one fails to lay down the political groundwork in order to make REDD operational. There is none the less reason to see REDD as an extension of forests into the political realm, an arena for political contestation and simulation rather than actual political policy.},
  author       = {Olsson, Adam},
  keyword      = {REDD,biodiversity,deforestation,forest degradation,MRV,tropical forests,world-system theory,ecologically unequal exchange,forest regime,climate change
},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Naturens politik och politikens natur: Tropisk skog och REDD i förhandling},
  year         = {2010},
}