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Olfactory Memory and Verbal Overshadowing: Experts, Novices and the Effect of Objective Descriptions

Nordin, Kristin LU (2009) PSYK01 20092
Department of Psychology
Abstract
Examining the relation between olfactory memory and verbal processing, this study aimed at exploring the phenomenon of verbal overshadowing and its effect on novices’ and experts’ memory performance. Two main questions were asked; would olfactory memory be susceptible to overshadowing and would subjects, not only generating their own verbalizations but also being given objectively correct ones, show signs of recognition impairment? The results were predicted to show impaired performance for the novices in the verbalization conditions but not for the experts. The over all performance on the recognition test was too weak for allowing any generalizations, but in line with the hypothesis the weakest performance for novices was observed to be... (More)
Examining the relation between olfactory memory and verbal processing, this study aimed at exploring the phenomenon of verbal overshadowing and its effect on novices’ and experts’ memory performance. Two main questions were asked; would olfactory memory be susceptible to overshadowing and would subjects, not only generating their own verbalizations but also being given objectively correct ones, show signs of recognition impairment? The results were predicted to show impaired performance for the novices in the verbalization conditions but not for the experts. The over all performance on the recognition test was too weak for allowing any generalizations, but in line with the hypothesis the weakest performance for novices was observed to be the self-generated verbalization condition. Surprisingly and contrary to the hypothesis, not only experts but also novices seemed to benefit from the objective descriptions. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Nordin, Kristin LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK01 20092
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
verbal overshadowing, novices, objective descriptions, experts, Olfactory memory
language
English
id
1585322
date added to LUP
2010-04-30 14:42:21
date last changed
2010-04-30 14:42:21
@misc{1585322,
  abstract     = {Examining the relation between olfactory memory and verbal processing, this study aimed at exploring the phenomenon of verbal overshadowing and its effect on novices’ and experts’ memory performance. Two main questions were asked; would olfactory memory be susceptible to overshadowing and would subjects, not only generating their own verbalizations but also being given objectively correct ones, show signs of recognition impairment? The results were predicted to show impaired performance for the novices in the verbalization conditions but not for the experts. The over all performance on the recognition test was too weak for allowing any generalizations, but in line with the hypothesis the weakest performance for novices was observed to be the self-generated verbalization condition. Surprisingly and contrary to the hypothesis, not only experts but also novices seemed to benefit from the objective descriptions.},
  author       = {Nordin, Kristin},
  keyword      = {verbal overshadowing,novices,objective descriptions,experts,Olfactory memory},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Olfactory Memory and Verbal Overshadowing: Experts, Novices and the Effect of Objective Descriptions},
  year         = {2009},
}