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Gender and Labor Market - a phenomenological study regarding the implicit assumptions about gender aspects among employers and jobseekers in the labor market in Ukraine

Cherkashyna, Olga LU (2010) SIMT17 20101
Master of Science in Social Studies of Gender
Graduate School
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to examine and understand how dominant gender attitudes are represented in the society and how they influence social institutions and processes, such as labor market and employment. Greater understanding of the several aspects of this phenomenon enables us to gain knowledge on how to deal with it for both the main actors in the labor market: jobseekers and employers. Gender attitudes were studied in the labor market of Ukraine in the eastern part of country. Data were collected with open interviews with four people with different employment levels. Two of them were jobseekers (female), with previous work experience. One of them was top-manager in human resource department of big corporation (female). And... (More)
The purpose of this study is to examine and understand how dominant gender attitudes are represented in the society and how they influence social institutions and processes, such as labor market and employment. Greater understanding of the several aspects of this phenomenon enables us to gain knowledge on how to deal with it for both the main actors in the labor market: jobseekers and employers. Gender attitudes were studied in the labor market of Ukraine in the eastern part of country. Data were collected with open interviews with four people with different employment levels. Two of them were jobseekers (female), with previous work experience. One of them was top-manager in human resource department of big corporation (female). And another one was Chief of Executive Office (CEO) of a big company (male). All participants have higher education and no less than 3 years of work experience. A phenomenological approach, Meaning Constitution Analysis, was applied for the comprehension of the nature, process and correlation between gender and employment, career development and general situation in the labor market. To achieve a better understanding of the meaning constitution and the specific thoughts of the main actors in the labor market, the qualitative software MCA-Minerva was used for text analysis. The results showed a tendency among both the employers and the jobseekers, to refer to existed gender attitudes such as “avoiding hiring women with small children”, “men are better employees and managers”, “employers prefer to hire men”, “men fear women’s professional success”, “men’s self-esteem can suffer from women’s success”. More interestingly, women, both employer and jobseeker category had exactly assumptions about gender as men. (Less)
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author
Cherkashyna, Olga LU
supervisor
organization
course
SIMT17 20101
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
labor market, phenomenological, gender, employment
language
English
id
1613660
date added to LUP
2010-06-30 09:36:47
date last changed
2010-06-30 09:36:47
@misc{1613660,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study is to examine and understand how dominant gender attitudes are represented in the society and how they influence social institutions and processes, such as labor market and employment. Greater understanding of the several aspects of this phenomenon enables us to gain knowledge on how to deal with it for both the main actors in the labor market: jobseekers and employers. Gender attitudes were studied in the labor market of Ukraine in the eastern part of country. Data were collected with open interviews with four people with different employment levels. Two of them were jobseekers (female), with previous work experience. One of them was top-manager in human resource department of big corporation (female). And another one was Chief of Executive Office (CEO) of a big company (male). All participants have higher education and no less than 3 years of work experience. A phenomenological approach, Meaning Constitution Analysis, was applied for the comprehension of the nature, process and correlation between gender and employment, career development and general situation in the labor market. To achieve a better understanding of the meaning constitution and the specific thoughts of the main actors in the labor market, the qualitative software MCA-Minerva was used for text analysis. The results showed a tendency among both the employers and the jobseekers, to refer to existed gender attitudes such as “avoiding hiring women with small children”, “men are better employees and managers”, “employers prefer to hire men”, “men fear women’s professional success”, “men’s self-esteem can suffer from women’s success”. More interestingly, women, both employer and jobseeker category had exactly assumptions about gender as men.},
  author       = {Cherkashyna, Olga},
  keyword      = {labor market,phenomenological,gender,employment},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Gender and Labor Market - a phenomenological study regarding the implicit assumptions about gender aspects among employers and jobseekers in the labor market in Ukraine},
  year         = {2010},
}