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Catching up or falling behind? National Innovation Performance in Latvia and Estonia

Karapetian, Viktorija LU (2010) EKHR21 20101
Department of Economic History
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to compare national innovation patterns in two Baltic States, Latvia and Estonia, and also to seek evidence of different innovation performance in these countries, over the period of 2001-2008. Besides general changes in innovation functioning, my interest lies in understanding the possible reasons of Estonia outperforming its neighbor country, while for Latvia lagging behind Estonia. In this respect, innovation indicators, institutional framework, trade patterns and foreign investment activities will be investigated in the both Baltic States. This comparative study relies on both qualitative and quantitative research strategies, and is conducted from the critical realism philosophy and deductive... (More)
Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to compare national innovation patterns in two Baltic States, Latvia and Estonia, and also to seek evidence of different innovation performance in these countries, over the period of 2001-2008. Besides general changes in innovation functioning, my interest lies in understanding the possible reasons of Estonia outperforming its neighbor country, while for Latvia lagging behind Estonia. In this respect, innovation indicators, institutional framework, trade patterns and foreign investment activities will be investigated in the both Baltic States. This comparative study relies on both qualitative and quantitative research strategies, and is conducted from the critical realism philosophy and deductive stance. The theoretical framework involves the theory of catch-up that serves as basis for my analysis. The findings suggests that Latvia has made considerable progress as regards the trend of some innovation indicators and the speed of changes, however, majority of other important innovation indicators are still falling behind these in Estonia. Another important finding with respect to successful innovation performance could be related to Estonia’s advantages within trade and foreign investment activities, while for Latvia disadvantages remained in its rather weak institutional framework. For the time being, it is difficult to foresee whether Latvia will challenge Estonia’s innovation performance in the future. (Less)
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author
Karapetian, Viktorija LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHR21 20101
year
type
L1 - 1st term paper (old degree order)
subject
language
English
id
1628350
date added to LUP
2010-08-17 13:31:10
date last changed
2010-08-17 13:31:10
@misc{1628350,
  abstract     = {Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to compare national innovation patterns in two Baltic States, Latvia and Estonia, and also to seek evidence of different innovation performance in these countries, over the period of 2001-2008. Besides general changes in innovation functioning, my interest lies in understanding the possible reasons of Estonia outperforming its neighbor country, while for Latvia lagging behind Estonia. In this respect, innovation indicators, institutional framework, trade patterns and foreign investment activities will be investigated in the both Baltic States. This comparative study relies on both qualitative and quantitative research strategies, and is conducted from the critical realism philosophy and deductive stance. The theoretical framework involves the theory of catch-up that serves as basis for my analysis. The findings suggests that Latvia has made considerable progress as regards the trend of some innovation indicators and the speed of changes, however, majority of other important innovation indicators are still falling behind these in Estonia. Another important finding with respect to successful innovation performance could be related to Estonia’s advantages within trade and foreign investment activities, while for Latvia disadvantages remained in its rather weak institutional framework. For the time being, it is difficult to foresee whether Latvia will challenge Estonia’s innovation performance in the future.},
  author       = {Karapetian, Viktorija},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Catching up or falling behind? National Innovation Performance in Latvia and Estonia},
  year         = {2010},
}