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The Paradox of Global Markets and Local Clusters - The importance of innovation and trust for competitiveness and its implications on policymaking in the European Union

Henriksson, Johannes LU (2010) STVM17 20101
Department of Political Science
Abstract
This thesis examines cluster and innovation system theory’s answer to why some firms, and not others, based in particular nations achieve international success in distinct segments, and the European Union’s recent policy efforts based on such theories. On this background a discussion on the changes needed in national economic policymaking among EU Member States when the EU starts taking a cluster and innovation approach towards strengthening the Union’s competitiveness is presented. The main result is that taking a cluster and innovation approach towards competitiveness alters many of the traditional roles of economic policymaking, historically governed in a state-centric manner. Instead, a perspective where economic policy crosses... (More)
This thesis examines cluster and innovation system theory’s answer to why some firms, and not others, based in particular nations achieve international success in distinct segments, and the European Union’s recent policy efforts based on such theories. On this background a discussion on the changes needed in national economic policymaking among EU Member States when the EU starts taking a cluster and innovation approach towards strengthening the Union’s competitiveness is presented. The main result is that taking a cluster and innovation approach towards competitiveness alters many of the traditional roles of economic policymaking, historically governed in a state-centric manner. Instead, a perspective where economic policy crosses traditional policy families and which link supranational, national, regional and local policies in a Multi-Level Governance framework, with a strong focus on growth and innovation, is advocated. Furthermore, given the importance of trust in the innovation process, a tool is developed aimed at quantifying the degree of trust within clusters. The Trust Model developed by the Great Place to Work Institute to measure trust within organizations acts as a model for developing a tool measuring trust between organizations in clusters. The tool is finally piloted on Copenhagen Finance and IT Region (CFIR) in order to safeguard from any unexpected problems before a full-scale study is to be launched. (Less)
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author
Henriksson, Johannes LU
supervisor
organization
course
STVM17 20101
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
European Union, Clusters, Innovation Systems, Trust, Policymaking
language
English
id
1652937
date added to LUP
2010-09-13 09:45:21
date last changed
2010-09-13 09:45:21
@misc{1652937,
  abstract     = {This thesis examines cluster and innovation system theory’s answer to why some firms, and not others, based in particular nations achieve international success in distinct segments, and the European Union’s recent policy efforts based on such theories. On this background a discussion on the changes needed in national economic policymaking among EU Member States when the EU starts taking a cluster and innovation approach towards strengthening the Union’s competitiveness is presented. The main result is that taking a cluster and innovation approach towards competitiveness alters many of the traditional roles of economic policymaking, historically governed in a state-centric manner. Instead, a perspective where economic policy crosses traditional policy families and which link supranational, national, regional and local policies in a Multi-Level Governance framework, with a strong focus on growth and innovation, is advocated. Furthermore, given the importance of trust in the innovation process, a tool is developed aimed at quantifying the degree of trust within clusters. The Trust Model developed by the Great Place to Work Institute to measure trust within organizations acts as a model for developing a tool measuring trust between organizations in clusters. The tool is finally piloted on Copenhagen Finance and IT Region (CFIR) in order to safeguard from any unexpected problems before a full-scale study is to be launched.},
  author       = {Henriksson, Johannes},
  keyword      = {European Union,Clusters,Innovation Systems,Trust,Policymaking},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The Paradox of Global Markets and Local Clusters - The importance of innovation and trust for competitiveness and its implications on policymaking in the European Union},
  year         = {2010},
}