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Avvikelser i hjärnstammen hos vuxna med AD/HD: Hjärnstamsaudiometri som diagnosstöd

Sari, Celina LU and Wideqvist, Charlotte LU (2010) PSPT01 20101
Department of Psychology
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate whether dysfunctions could be seen in the brainstem of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and if these could be associated with specific brain structures. Further, the purpose was to study the connection between proposed dysfunctions in the brainstem and self-rated symptoms. The study included 15 people with an AD/HD diagnosis and a control group of 15 people without any known diagnosis. Each group consisted of 7 men and 8 women. Methods used were a complex auditory brainstem response called SensoDetect-Brainstem Evoked Response Audiometry (SD-BERA) and the symptom scale Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS). The results indicated that it is possible to identify people with AD/HD... (More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether dysfunctions could be seen in the brainstem of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and if these could be associated with specific brain structures. Further, the purpose was to study the connection between proposed dysfunctions in the brainstem and self-rated symptoms. The study included 15 people with an AD/HD diagnosis and a control group of 15 people without any known diagnosis. Each group consisted of 7 men and 8 women. Methods used were a complex auditory brainstem response called SensoDetect-Brainstem Evoked Response Audiometry (SD-BERA) and the symptom scale Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS). The results indicated that it is possible to identify people with AD/HD using SD-BERA with a sensitivity of 86,67% and a specificity of 93,33%. Furthermore, a significant correlation was found between SD-BERA and ASRS, Spearman’s rs = 0,582. Dysfunctions in the brainstem were mainly connected to the area around inferior colliculus and partly to pons and thalamus. SD-BERA showed a significantly higher activity within the AD/HD group compared to the control group. These results point to the value of using auditory brainstem response as a complementary method in diagnosing AD/HD. (Less)
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author
Sari, Celina LU and Wideqvist, Charlotte LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPT01 20101
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
inferior colliculus uppmärksamhetsstörning/hyperaktivitet, subcortical structures, ASRS, auditory brainstem response, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, adults, inferior colliculus, subkortikala strukturer, AD/HD, vuxna, hjärnstamsaudiometri
language
Swedish
id
1652946
date added to LUP
2010-09-23 13:16:24
date last changed
2010-09-23 13:16:24
@misc{1652946,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to investigate whether dysfunctions could be seen in the brainstem of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and if these could be associated with specific brain structures. Further, the purpose was to study the connection between proposed dysfunctions in the brainstem and self-rated symptoms. The study included 15 people with an AD/HD diagnosis and a control group of 15 people without any known diagnosis. Each group consisted of 7 men and 8 women. Methods used were a complex auditory brainstem response called SensoDetect-Brainstem Evoked Response Audiometry (SD-BERA) and the symptom scale Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS). The results indicated that it is possible to identify people with AD/HD using SD-BERA with a sensitivity of 86,67% and a specificity of 93,33%. Furthermore, a significant correlation was found between SD-BERA and ASRS, Spearman’s rs = 0,582. Dysfunctions in the brainstem were mainly connected to the area around inferior colliculus and partly to pons and thalamus. SD-BERA showed a significantly higher activity within the AD/HD group compared to the control group. These results point to the value of using auditory brainstem response as a complementary method in diagnosing AD/HD.},
  author       = {Sari, Celina and Wideqvist, Charlotte},
  keyword      = {inferior colliculus
uppmärksamhetsstörning/hyperaktivitet,subcortical structures,ASRS,auditory brainstem response,attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder,adults,inferior colliculus,subkortikala strukturer,AD/HD,vuxna,hjärnstamsaudiometri},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Avvikelser i hjärnstammen hos vuxna med AD/HD: Hjärnstamsaudiometri som diagnosstöd},
  year         = {2010},
}