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Berättelser som förändrar: En kvantitativ studie om hur personal påverkas av att jobba med krigsskadade och torterade

Kjellenberg, Elin LU and Nilsson, Frida (2010) PSPT01 20101
Department of Psychology
Abstract
The 69 participants of this study were Swedish personnel of various occupations, working at centers for war and torture survivors. The aim was to describe the personnel’s reactions from their work, their background (e.g. trauma prevalence, work situation), their attitude towards death, evil, and forgiveness and the relationships between these. The results of this study show that the participants had high levels of secondary stress and average levels of burnout and compassion satisfaction. Most of the workers experienced posttraumatic growth. More years in the field, meant higher levels of compassion fatigue and posttraumatic growth while number of hours per week of exposure to trauma narratives did not influence the psychological health of... (More)
The 69 participants of this study were Swedish personnel of various occupations, working at centers for war and torture survivors. The aim was to describe the personnel’s reactions from their work, their background (e.g. trauma prevalence, work situation), their attitude towards death, evil, and forgiveness and the relationships between these. The results of this study show that the participants had high levels of secondary stress and average levels of burnout and compassion satisfaction. Most of the workers experienced posttraumatic growth. More years in the field, meant higher levels of compassion fatigue and posttraumatic growth while number of hours per week of exposure to trauma narratives did not influence the psychological health of the trauma workers. The prevalence of personal trauma was very high. Those experiencing more fear and dejection from thoughts about human evil had more compassion fatigue. The majority of the group had changed their attitude towards evil as a result of their work.
The results point to the importance of caring for all personnel working with trauma-survivors irrespective of hours per week of exposure to trauma narratives. Another implication of the results is that it is important to give the personnel opportunity to talk about their thoughts and feelings about human evil e.g. under supervision (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Studien vände sig till personal, olika yrkesgrupper, som arbetar med krigsskadade och torterade i Sverige. Syftet var att beskriva personalgruppens mående och tillväxt i relation till arbetet, inställning till död, ondska och förlåtelse samt bakgrundsvariabler (t.ex eget trauma och arbetssituation) och undersöka samband mellan dessa. 69 traumaarbetare svarade på ett frågeformulär som mätte dessa faktorer. Deltagarna har höga nivåer av sekundär stress och medelhöga nivåer av utbrändhet. Samtidigt uppvisar gruppen medelhöga nivåer av arbetstillfredsställelse (compassion satisfaction). De flesta deltagarna upplevde positiv tillväxt till följd av arbetet. De som arbetat längre upplevde högre nivåer av compassion fatigue men även mer tillväxt... (More)
Studien vände sig till personal, olika yrkesgrupper, som arbetar med krigsskadade och torterade i Sverige. Syftet var att beskriva personalgruppens mående och tillväxt i relation till arbetet, inställning till död, ondska och förlåtelse samt bakgrundsvariabler (t.ex eget trauma och arbetssituation) och undersöka samband mellan dessa. 69 traumaarbetare svarade på ett frågeformulär som mätte dessa faktorer. Deltagarna har höga nivåer av sekundär stress och medelhöga nivåer av utbrändhet. Samtidigt uppvisar gruppen medelhöga nivåer av arbetstillfredsställelse (compassion satisfaction). De flesta deltagarna upplevde positiv tillväxt till följd av arbetet. De som arbetat längre upplevde högre nivåer av compassion fatigue men även mer tillväxt efter trauma (posttraumatic growth). Hur många timmar i veckan man exponeras för traumaberättelser tycks inte påverka måendet. Gruppen hade en mycket hög egen traumaprevalens. De som upplevde sig skrämda och uppgivna inför tankar på mänsklig ondska hade mer compassion fatigue än de andra. Många upplevde en förändring i sin inställning till ondska och förlåtelse till följd av arbetet.
Resultaten visar på vikten av omhändertagande av all personal oavsett exponeringsgrad (tim/vecka) för traumaberättelser, samt vikten av att tala om tankar och känslor kring mänsklig ondska i t.ex. handledning. (Less)
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author
Kjellenberg, Elin LU and Nilsson, Frida
supervisor
organization
course
PSPT01 20101
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
Ondska, Posttraumatic growth, Tortyr, Sekundär Stress, Krig, Evil, Rädsla för Döden, Compassion Fatigue, Secondary Stress, Therapist, War, Förlåtelse, Compassion Satisfaction, Trauma, Fear of Death, Forgiveness, Torture, Terapeut
language
Swedish
id
1664800
date added to LUP
2010-09-23 13:18:00
date last changed
2010-09-23 13:18:00
@misc{1664800,
  abstract     = {The 69 participants of this study were Swedish personnel of various occupations, working at centers for war and torture survivors. The aim was to describe the personnel’s reactions from their work, their background (e.g. trauma prevalence, work situation), their attitude towards death, evil, and forgiveness and the relationships between these. The results of this study show that the participants had high levels of secondary stress and average levels of burnout and compassion satisfaction. Most of the workers experienced posttraumatic growth. More years in the field, meant higher levels of compassion fatigue and posttraumatic growth while number of hours per week of exposure to trauma narratives did not influence the psychological health of the trauma workers. The prevalence of personal trauma was very high. Those experiencing more fear and dejection from thoughts about human evil had more compassion fatigue. The majority of the group had changed their attitude towards evil as a result of their work. 
The results point to the importance of caring for all personnel working with trauma-survivors irrespective of hours per week of exposure to trauma narratives. Another implication of the results is that it is important to give the personnel opportunity to talk about their thoughts and feelings about human evil e.g. under supervision},
  author       = {Kjellenberg, Elin and Nilsson, Frida},
  keyword      = {Ondska,Posttraumatic growth,Tortyr,Sekundär Stress,Krig,Evil,Rädsla för Döden,Compassion Fatigue,Secondary Stress,Therapist,War,Förlåtelse,Compassion Satisfaction,Trauma,Fear of Death,Forgiveness,Torture,Terapeut},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Berättelser som förändrar: En kvantitativ studie om hur personal påverkas av att jobba med krigsskadade och torterade},
  year         = {2010},
}