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Risk characterization of children exposed to aerial sprayings of Mancozeb and ETU - A case study in a banana village, Costa Rica

Arvidsson, Hanna and Hallén, Karin (2008) In LUTVDG/TVBB--5276--SE VBR920
Division of Fire Safety Engineering
Risk Management and Safety Engineering
Division of Risk Management and Societal Safety
Abstract
Aerial spraying is common procedure at banana plantations in Costa Rica even though the plantations often are situated very close to villages. The fungicide Mancozeb, which is metabolized into the more toxic substance ETU, is one of the pesticides used in aerial sprayings. This thesis has evaluated the exposure of ETU to children living in one of these villages and compared that exposure to different reference does, of which one was set with a probabilistic approach in this thesis. The exposure doses exceed some of the reference doses and all children have an unacceptable high cancer risk. The main factor that induces high exposure appears to be aerial sprayings close to the village, where Mancozeb and ETU drift into the village. Proposed... (More)
Aerial spraying is common procedure at banana plantations in Costa Rica even though the plantations often are situated very close to villages. The fungicide Mancozeb, which is metabolized into the more toxic substance ETU, is one of the pesticides used in aerial sprayings. This thesis has evaluated the exposure of ETU to children living in one of these villages and compared that exposure to different reference does, of which one was set with a probabilistic approach in this thesis. The exposure doses exceed some of the reference doses and all children have an unacceptable high cancer risk. The main factor that induces high exposure appears to be aerial sprayings close to the village, where Mancozeb and ETU drift into the village. Proposed actions to reduce exposure should be taken at different levels, for example can legislation, timing of aerial spraying activities, education of local health representatives and the searching for alternatives be parallel treatment processes. (Less)
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author
Arvidsson, Hanna and Hallén, Karin
supervisor
organization
course
VBR920
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Health risk assessment, ETU, Mancozeb, probabilistic risk assessment, pesticide exposure, children exposure, biological monitoring
publication/series
LUTVDG/TVBB--5276--SE
report number
5276
ISSN
1402-3504
language
English
id
1689135
date added to LUP
2011-01-21 08:44:22
date last changed
2014-03-10 10:40:34
@misc{1689135,
  abstract     = {Aerial spraying is common procedure at banana plantations in Costa Rica even though the plantations often are situated very close to villages. The fungicide Mancozeb, which is metabolized into the more toxic substance ETU, is one of the pesticides used in aerial sprayings. This thesis has evaluated the exposure of ETU to children living in one of these villages and compared that exposure to different reference does, of which one was set with a probabilistic approach in this thesis. The exposure doses exceed some of the reference doses and all children have an unacceptable high cancer risk. The main factor that induces high exposure appears to be aerial sprayings close to the village, where Mancozeb and ETU drift into the village. Proposed actions to reduce exposure should be taken at different levels, for example can legislation, timing of aerial spraying activities, education of local health representatives and the searching for alternatives be parallel treatment processes.},
  author       = {Arvidsson, Hanna and Hallén, Karin},
  issn         = {1402-3504},
  keyword      = {Health risk assessment,ETU,Mancozeb,probabilistic risk assessment,pesticide exposure,children exposure,biological monitoring},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {LUTVDG/TVBB--5276--SE},
  title        = {Risk characterization of children exposed to aerial sprayings of Mancozeb and ETU - A case study in a banana village, Costa Rica},
  year         = {2008},
}