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Marine environmental protection from shipping activities in the Baltic Sea

Andrzejewski, Dorothee LU (2010) JASM01 20101
Department of Law
Abstract
Growing Russian oil export and an overall growing trade made the Baltic Sea one of the busiest shipping areas in the world, but the marine environment has suffered greatly from this development. Although not solely responsible for this unfortunate development, the International Maritime Organization has addressed this issue by designating the Baltic as a particularly sensitive sea area (PSSA) and a sulphur emission controlled area (SECA). Though sharing the same origin these two instruments differ greatly in their legal nature. The PSSA concept is based on an resolution by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the SECA is a part of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78). This... (More)
Growing Russian oil export and an overall growing trade made the Baltic Sea one of the busiest shipping areas in the world, but the marine environment has suffered greatly from this development. Although not solely responsible for this unfortunate development, the International Maritime Organization has addressed this issue by designating the Baltic as a particularly sensitive sea area (PSSA) and a sulphur emission controlled area (SECA). Though sharing the same origin these two instruments differ greatly in their legal nature. The PSSA concept is based on an resolution by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the SECA is a part of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78). This unique combination of environmental instruments in force gives rise to the question of its success.
The PSSA instrument has been extended in scope and additional areas are subject to protection measures. The year 2010 brings about significant changes in the matter of allowed sulphur content in fuel, which will have an impact on the shipping industry operating in the Baltic Sea and the marine environment- to what extent remains to be seen though.
One disadvantage concerning both of the instruments though is the lack of Russia’s acceptance. Although this lack differs in strength for the two instruments, it is noteworthy that there is no total consensus between the littoral states, which to a certain extent weakens and threatens the concepts and their effectiveness. (Less)
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author
Andrzejewski, Dorothee LU
supervisor
organization
course
JASM01 20101
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Maritime law
language
English
id
1693181
date added to LUP
2010-10-18 14:49:59
date last changed
2010-10-18 14:49:59
@misc{1693181,
  abstract     = {Growing Russian oil export and an overall growing trade made the Baltic Sea one of the busiest shipping areas in the world, but the marine environment has suffered greatly from this development. Although not solely responsible for this unfortunate development, the International Maritime Organization has addressed this issue by designating the Baltic as a particularly sensitive sea area (PSSA) and a sulphur emission controlled area (SECA). Though sharing the same origin these two instruments differ greatly in their legal nature. The PSSA concept is based on an resolution by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the SECA is a part of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78). This unique combination of environmental instruments in force gives rise to the question of its success.
The PSSA instrument has been extended in scope and additional areas are subject to protection measures. The year 2010 brings about significant changes in the matter of allowed sulphur content in fuel, which will have an impact on the shipping industry operating in the Baltic Sea and the marine environment- to what extent remains to be seen though.
One disadvantage concerning both of the instruments though is the lack of Russia’s acceptance. Although this lack differs in strength for the two instruments, it is noteworthy that there is no total consensus between the littoral states, which to a certain extent weakens and threatens the concepts and their effectiveness.},
  author       = {Andrzejewski, Dorothee},
  keyword      = {Maritime law},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Marine environmental protection from shipping activities in the Baltic Sea},
  year         = {2010},
}