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Kan samband mellan personlighetsdrag och politisk uppfattning förklaras av personlig världsbild?

Larsson, Niklas LU (2012) PSPT02 20112
Department of Psychology
Abstract (Swedish)
Ett stort antal studier har påvisat samband mellan personlighetsdrag och politisk uppfattning. Föreliggande uppsats har undersökt om sådana samband kan förklaras av individuella skillnader i personlig världsbild. Två aspekter av personlig världsbild studerades: breda världsbildsmönster utifrån Tomkins polaritetsteori (humanism och normativism) och moraliska intuitioner utifrån Moral Foundations Theory. En teoretisk modell i fyra led postulerades, enligt vilken personlighetsdrag förutsäger politisk uppfattning via breda världsbildsmönster och moraliska intuitioner. En enkät administrerades till 99 deltagare och analyserades statistiskt. Resultatet indikerade att samband mellan personlighetsdrag och politisk uppfattning till viss del kan... (More)
Ett stort antal studier har påvisat samband mellan personlighetsdrag och politisk uppfattning. Föreliggande uppsats har undersökt om sådana samband kan förklaras av individuella skillnader i personlig världsbild. Två aspekter av personlig världsbild studerades: breda världsbildsmönster utifrån Tomkins polaritetsteori (humanism och normativism) och moraliska intuitioner utifrån Moral Foundations Theory. En teoretisk modell i fyra led postulerades, enligt vilken personlighetsdrag förutsäger politisk uppfattning via breda världsbildsmönster och moraliska intuitioner. En enkät administrerades till 99 deltagare och analyserades statistiskt. Resultatet indikerade att samband mellan personlighetsdrag och politisk uppfattning till viss del kan förklaras av de studerade världsbildsfaktorerna, i synnerhet av moraliska intuitioner. Emotionalitet visade sig förutsäga politiska vänsteråsikter delvis via moraliska intuitioner om rättvisa och minimerande av lidande. Öppenhet visade sig förutsäga politiska vänsteråsikter delvis via en låg grad av normativism och en låg grad av moraliska intuitioner om ordning, konventionalitet och gruppsammanhållning. (Less)
Abstract
Several studies have indicated relations between personality traits and political orientation. This paper has examined whether such relations can be accounted for by individual differences in worldview. Two aspects of worldview were studied: broad worldview-features according to Tomkins’ Polarity Theory (humanism and normativism) and moral intuitions according to Moral Foundations Theory. A theoretical four-level model was assumed, in which effects of personality traits flow through broad worldview-features and moral intuitions to political orientation. A survey was administered to 99 participants and analyzed statistically. The results indicated that relationships between personality traits and political orientation can be partly... (More)
Several studies have indicated relations between personality traits and political orientation. This paper has examined whether such relations can be accounted for by individual differences in worldview. Two aspects of worldview were studied: broad worldview-features according to Tomkins’ Polarity Theory (humanism and normativism) and moral intuitions according to Moral Foundations Theory. A theoretical four-level model was assumed, in which effects of personality traits flow through broad worldview-features and moral intuitions to political orientation. A survey was administered to 99 participants and analyzed statistically. The results indicated that relationships between personality traits and political orientation can be partly accounted for by worldview and by moral intuitions in particular. Emotionality was found to predict left-wing political orientation, partly mediated by moral intuitions concerning fairness and the well-being of individuals. Openness to Experience was found to predict left-wing political orientation, partly mediated by a low degree of normativism and a low degree of moral intuitions concerning group order. (Less)
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author
Larsson, Niklas LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPT02 20112
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
humanism, normativism, Moral Foundations, worldview, ideology, moral, personlig världsbild, ideologi
language
Swedish
id
2342686
date added to LUP
2012-02-24 11:14:30
date last changed
2012-02-24 11:14:30
@misc{2342686,
  abstract     = {Several studies have indicated relations between personality traits and political orientation. This paper has examined whether such relations can be accounted for by individual differences in worldview. Two aspects of worldview were studied: broad worldview-features according to Tomkins’ Polarity Theory (humanism and normativism) and moral intuitions according to Moral Foundations Theory. A theoretical four-level model was assumed, in which effects of personality traits flow through broad worldview-features and moral intuitions to political orientation. A survey was administered to 99 participants and analyzed statistically. The results indicated that relationships between personality traits and political orientation can be partly accounted for by worldview and by moral intuitions in particular. Emotionality was found to predict left-wing political orientation, partly mediated by moral intuitions concerning fairness and the well-being of individuals. Openness to Experience was found to predict left-wing political orientation, partly mediated by a low degree of normativism and a low degree of moral intuitions concerning group order.},
  author       = {Larsson, Niklas},
  keyword      = {humanism,normativism,Moral Foundations,worldview,ideology,moral,personlig världsbild,ideologi},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Kan samband mellan personlighetsdrag och politisk uppfattning förklaras av personlig världsbild?},
  year         = {2012},
}