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Från lokal gängkriminalitet till transnationell brottslighet, en studie av det ökända Mara Salvatrucha

Herz, Lotta LU (2012) STVK01 20121
Department of Political Science
Abstract
During the last few decades so called “street gangs” have gained more and more power in both the United States and Central America. Mara Salvatrucha, a Los Angeles based gang, today has a strong presence in several American countries. This essay attempts to understand this development and poses the question: what makes street gangs turn into transnational crime organizations? The essay is based on a theoretical viewpoint in which both Marxism and Social Constructivism is applied in order to gain a deeper understanding of the mechanisms behind transnational crime. The paper concludes that both theoretical perspectives have great merits in application but with different focus points. Marxism sees the explanation to Mara Salvatruchas recent... (More)
During the last few decades so called “street gangs” have gained more and more power in both the United States and Central America. Mara Salvatrucha, a Los Angeles based gang, today has a strong presence in several American countries. This essay attempts to understand this development and poses the question: what makes street gangs turn into transnational crime organizations? The essay is based on a theoretical viewpoint in which both Marxism and Social Constructivism is applied in order to gain a deeper understanding of the mechanisms behind transnational crime. The paper concludes that both theoretical perspectives have great merits in application but with different focus points. Marxism sees the explanation to Mara Salvatruchas recent proliferation as a consequence of the capitalist system, globalization, and in the neoliberal agenda that has penetrated much of American society. Social Constructivism, with a theoretical focus on securitization theory, finds the explanation in authorities, medias and society’s way of depicting and viewing both the gang itself but also the Hispanic community in the US.
Which perspective that is most favorable in a study greatly depends on both the aim and methodology of the study but also on the ontological and epistemological viewpoint of the writer. (Less)
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author
Herz, Lotta LU
supervisor
organization
course
STVK01 20121
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Mara Salvatrucha, MS-13, gatugäng, marxism, socialkonstruktivism, säkerhetiseringsteori
language
Swedish
id
2373528
date added to LUP
2012-06-27 10:46:20
date last changed
2012-06-27 10:46:20
@misc{2373528,
  abstract     = {During the last few decades so called “street gangs” have gained more and more power in both the United States and Central America. Mara Salvatrucha, a Los Angeles based gang, today has a strong presence in several American countries. This essay attempts to understand this development and poses the question: what makes street gangs turn into transnational crime organizations? The essay is based on a theoretical viewpoint in which both Marxism and Social Constructivism is applied in order to gain a deeper understanding of the mechanisms behind transnational crime. The paper concludes that both theoretical perspectives have great merits in application but with different focus points. Marxism sees the explanation to Mara Salvatruchas recent proliferation as a consequence of the capitalist system, globalization, and in the neoliberal agenda that has penetrated much of American society. Social Constructivism, with a theoretical focus on securitization theory, finds the explanation in authorities, medias and society’s way of depicting and viewing both the gang itself but also the Hispanic community in the US. 
	Which perspective that is most favorable in a study greatly depends on both the aim and methodology of the study but also on the ontological and epistemological viewpoint of the writer.},
  author       = {Herz, Lotta},
  keyword      = {Mara Salvatrucha,MS-13,gatugäng,marxism,socialkonstruktivism,säkerhetiseringsteori},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Från lokal gängkriminalitet till transnationell brottslighet, en studie av det ökända Mara Salvatrucha},
  year         = {2012},
}