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Feodal järnhantering eller bondesmide - introduktion av vattenkraft vid järnhantering i sydvästra Sverige

Åstrand, Johan LU (2012) ARKH04 20121
Historical Archaeology
Abstract
The woodlands of northern Skåne, south Halland and southwest Småland were an important region for ironproduction from the medieval period until the end of the seventeenth century. Slagheaps found close to brooks and waterfalls indicates that waterpower was used in the local bloomery iron production. This essay deals with questions about the dating of these sites and the kind of tecnique that was used. Questions about the role of social groups involved in the ironproduction are also discussed. Comparisons are made between three ironproduction sites that have been excavated, Bredabäck, Stäket and Ugglehult/Dövared.

The use of waterpower is introduced in Scandinavia in the twelth century. The ironproduction at Ugglehult/Dövared starts at... (More)
The woodlands of northern Skåne, south Halland and southwest Småland were an important region for ironproduction from the medieval period until the end of the seventeenth century. Slagheaps found close to brooks and waterfalls indicates that waterpower was used in the local bloomery iron production. This essay deals with questions about the dating of these sites and the kind of tecnique that was used. Questions about the role of social groups involved in the ironproduction are also discussed. Comparisons are made between three ironproduction sites that have been excavated, Bredabäck, Stäket and Ugglehult/Dövared.

The use of waterpower is introduced in Scandinavia in the twelth century. The ironproduction at Ugglehult/Dövared starts at the same time as the general introduction of waterpower but ceases onehundred years later. In northern Skåne and southwest Småland waterpower combined with ironproduction is introduced in the fourteenth century, about twohundred years later than the firts use of waterpower. The innovationsporcess is therefore slower but the use is more longlasting.

Excavations at Bredabäck and Stäket shows that traditional bloomery technique combined with waterpowered bellows made the ironproduction more effective. The ironproduction at Ugglehult/Dövared has been interpreted as a Rennwerk-process, a technique used in Germany during the Middle Ages. This hypothesis is somewhat uncertain. The ironmill is mentioned in a letter from 1187 that concerns a donation to the cistercian monastery of Sorö. Later research has shown that the monks were not the introducers of the new technique. In northern Skåne and southwest Småland local farmers had a strong and indepedendant position in society. The gradual adpotion of the waterpower and the combination with old bloomery tecnique suggests that the introduction was made by the local farmers. (Less)
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author
Åstrand, Johan LU
supervisor
organization
course
ARKH04 20121
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Medieval ironproduction, waterpower, bloomery iron.
language
Swedish
id
2540439
date added to LUP
2012-06-14 16:15:27
date last changed
2012-06-14 16:15:27
@misc{2540439,
  abstract     = {The woodlands of northern Skåne, south Halland and southwest Småland were an important region for ironproduction from the medieval period until the end of the seventeenth century. Slagheaps found close to brooks and waterfalls indicates that waterpower was used in the local bloomery iron production. This essay deals with questions about the dating of these sites and the kind of tecnique that was used. Questions about the role of social groups involved in the ironproduction are also discussed. Comparisons are made between three ironproduction sites that have been excavated, Bredabäck, Stäket and Ugglehult/Dövared.

The use of waterpower is introduced in Scandinavia in the twelth century. The ironproduction at Ugglehult/Dövared starts at the same time as the general introduction of waterpower but ceases onehundred years later. In northern Skåne and southwest Småland waterpower combined with ironproduction is introduced in the fourteenth century, about twohundred years later than the firts use of waterpower. The innovationsporcess is therefore slower but the use is more longlasting.

Excavations at Bredabäck and Stäket shows that traditional bloomery technique combined with waterpowered bellows made the ironproduction more effective. The ironproduction at Ugglehult/Dövared has been interpreted as a Rennwerk-process, a technique used in Germany during the Middle Ages. This hypothesis is somewhat uncertain. The ironmill is mentioned in a letter from 1187 that concerns a donation to the cistercian monastery of Sorö. Later research has shown that the monks were not the introducers of the new technique. In northern Skåne and southwest Småland local farmers had a strong and indepedendant position in society. The gradual adpotion of the waterpower and the combination with old bloomery tecnique suggests that the introduction was made by the local farmers.},
  author       = {Åstrand, Johan},
  keyword      = {Medieval ironproduction,waterpower,bloomery iron.},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Feodal järnhantering eller bondesmide - introduktion av vattenkraft vid järnhantering i sydvästra Sverige},
  year         = {2012},
}