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Den polska Senaten pånyttfödd. Ett resultat av Rundabordssamtalen 1989

Mlynarczyk, Aleksander LU (2012) STVK01 20121
Department of Political Science
Abstract
In this thesis I try to answer the question why a second chamber, the Senate, was reintroduced in Poland 1989. To understand the mechanism behind the Polish transition to democracy I have used the conclusion of O’Donnell and Schmitter. I found that the Polish Senate was reintroduced as a result of the agreements reached between the ruling Communist Party, PZPR, and the opposition, the Solidarity movement, more known as the Roundtable agreements. The reason for this was mainly political as the Communist Party sought to retain its power and influence, by allowing free elections to the reintroduced Senate, in exchange for the negotiated elections to the lower chamber, the Sejm, and the creation of a strong presidency, with the Communist... (More)
In this thesis I try to answer the question why a second chamber, the Senate, was reintroduced in Poland 1989. To understand the mechanism behind the Polish transition to democracy I have used the conclusion of O’Donnell and Schmitter. I found that the Polish Senate was reintroduced as a result of the agreements reached between the ruling Communist Party, PZPR, and the opposition, the Solidarity movement, more known as the Roundtable agreements. The reason for this was mainly political as the Communist Party sought to retain its power and influence, by allowing free elections to the reintroduced Senate, in exchange for the negotiated elections to the lower chamber, the Sejm, and the creation of a strong presidency, with the Communist leader General Jaruzelski as the first president. For Solidarity this was a price they were willing to pay, for regaining legal status and the reintroduction of pluralism and some level of democracy in Poland. There were also ideological reasons, as the reintroduction of the Senate would serve as symbol of the Polish history and tradition, as well as to restore the democratic character of the Polish State. (Less)
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author
Mlynarczyk, Aleksander LU
supervisor
organization
course
STVK01 20121
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Den polska Senaten, Rundabordssamtalen, transition, communism, bikameralism
language
Swedish
id
2541897
date added to LUP
2012-06-27 10:47:33
date last changed
2012-06-27 10:47:33
@misc{2541897,
  abstract     = {In this thesis I try to answer the question why a second chamber, the Senate, was reintroduced in Poland 1989. To understand the mechanism behind the Polish transition to democracy I have used the conclusion of O’Donnell and Schmitter. I found that the Polish Senate was reintroduced as a result of the agreements reached between the ruling Communist Party, PZPR, and the opposition, the Solidarity movement, more known as the Roundtable agreements. The reason for this was mainly political as the Communist Party sought to retain its power and influence, by allowing free elections to the reintroduced Senate, in exchange for the negotiated elections to the lower chamber, the Sejm, and the creation of a strong presidency, with the Communist leader General Jaruzelski as the first president. For Solidarity this was a price they were willing to pay, for regaining legal status and the reintroduction of pluralism and some level of democracy in Poland. There were also ideological reasons, as the reintroduction of the Senate would serve as symbol of the Polish history and tradition, as well as to restore the democratic character of the Polish State.},
  author       = {Mlynarczyk, Aleksander},
  keyword      = {Den polska Senaten,Rundabordssamtalen,transition,communism,bikameralism},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Den polska Senaten pånyttfödd. Ett resultat av Rundabordssamtalen 1989},
  year         = {2012},
}