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A Comparative Study on the Situation of the Roma in Romania and Spain: A Focus on multicultural education measures as a foundation for positive societal integration

Hochler, Katelyn LU (2012) SIMV02 20121
Graduate School
Abstract
This thesis addresses the complexities of the situation of the Roma in Romania and Spain and the challenges of including isolated groups in society. The main texts used for comparison come from the Council of Europe’s expert bodies: the European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), the Advisory Committee (ACFC) under the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM), and the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages (ECRML), although other inter-governmental supplementary sources are also used in the text analysis. This thesis aims to compare and contrast education policies, developments, and initiatives specially for supporting the Roma, in the last decade, evaluating the barriers for Roma... (More)
This thesis addresses the complexities of the situation of the Roma in Romania and Spain and the challenges of including isolated groups in society. The main texts used for comparison come from the Council of Europe’s expert bodies: the European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), the Advisory Committee (ACFC) under the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM), and the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages (ECRML), although other inter-governmental supplementary sources are also used in the text analysis. This thesis aims to compare and contrast education policies, developments, and initiatives specially for supporting the Roma, in the last decade, evaluating the barriers for Roma to access and integrate into the education system through an analysis of measures addressing school integration, education content, language, and cultural awareness. Also presented is a theoretical discussion of multicultural education coupled with a dissection of Roma culture and identity from a social constructivist lens, in order to best approach the inclusion of diverse cultural perspectives in the mainstream educational system. Lastly, this thesis argues that multicultural education is an important element in the process of socially including excluded groups in society, such as the Roma, which I word as positive societal integration. This thesis concludes that Roma poverty and exclusion is not an isolated phenomena, but instead, it is attached, dependant, and influenced by many other societal sectors, and therefore I argue that a multicultural approach, incorporated into education polices and programs, can shape actors’ actions, attitudes, and perceptions, with the power to affect the overall situation of the Roma in Romania and Spain. (Less)
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author
Hochler, Katelyn LU
supervisor
organization
course
SIMV02 20121
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Roma, Social Identity Theory, Multiculturalism, Multicultural education, Intercultural Communication, Integration, The Council of Europe
language
English
id
2607195
date added to LUP
2012-06-11 12:14:22
date last changed
2012-06-11 12:14:22
@misc{2607195,
  abstract     = {This thesis addresses the complexities of the situation of the Roma in Romania and Spain and the challenges of including isolated groups in society. The main texts used for comparison come from the Council of Europe’s expert bodies: the European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), the Advisory Committee (ACFC) under the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM), and the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages (ECRML), although other inter-governmental supplementary sources are also used in the text analysis. This thesis aims to compare and contrast education policies, developments, and initiatives specially for supporting the Roma, in the last decade, evaluating the barriers for Roma to access and integrate into the education system through an analysis of measures addressing school integration, education content, language, and cultural awareness. Also presented is a theoretical discussion of multicultural education coupled with a dissection of Roma culture and identity from a social constructivist lens, in order to best approach the inclusion of diverse cultural perspectives in the mainstream educational system. Lastly, this thesis argues that multicultural education is an important element in the process of socially including excluded groups in society, such as the Roma, which I word as positive societal integration. This thesis concludes that Roma poverty and exclusion is not an isolated phenomena, but instead, it is attached, dependant, and influenced by many other societal sectors, and therefore I argue that a multicultural approach, incorporated into education polices and programs, can shape actors’ actions, attitudes, and perceptions, with the power to affect the overall situation of the Roma in Romania and Spain.},
  author       = {Hochler, Katelyn},
  keyword      = {Roma,Social Identity Theory,Multiculturalism,Multicultural education,Intercultural Communication,Integration,The Council of Europe},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {A Comparative Study on the Situation of the Roma in Romania and Spain: A Focus on multicultural education measures as a foundation for positive societal integration},
  year         = {2012},
}