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Stress, coping och hälsa hos egenföretagare

Bodestad, Lina LU and Persson, Ingrid LU (2012) PSPT02 20121
Department of Psychology
Abstract
The Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress (CATS) suggests that the cognitive appraisal of a stressor determines whether a psychological and physiological stress response will take place. Coping is hence equated to positive outcome expectancy, i.e. the perceived ability to handle the stressful situation with a positive outcome. A short, temporary stress response can provide learning (train) and prepare the individual for a possible reoccurrence of the stressful situation, whereas a prolonged stress response can lead to strain and eventually affect the person's health. In the present study, a questionnaire was distributed to 430 Swedish self-employed workers to examine the hypothesized correlations between positive outcome expectancy and... (More)
The Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress (CATS) suggests that the cognitive appraisal of a stressor determines whether a psychological and physiological stress response will take place. Coping is hence equated to positive outcome expectancy, i.e. the perceived ability to handle the stressful situation with a positive outcome. A short, temporary stress response can provide learning (train) and prepare the individual for a possible reoccurrence of the stressful situation, whereas a prolonged stress response can lead to strain and eventually affect the person's health. In the present study, a questionnaire was distributed to 430 Swedish self-employed workers to examine the hypothesized correlations between positive outcome expectancy and disturbed sleep, somatic complaints and perceived stress. Additional hypotheses stated that response outcome expectancy would correlate with sense of mastery and worry in relation to different aspects of self-employment and the future of the company. The results were compared to data from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Study of Health (SLOSH). Results showed that the hypothesized correlations were existent and significant in the studied sample. Results of the present study, practical implications and suggestions for further research were discussed. (Less)
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author
Bodestad, Lina LU and Persson, Ingrid LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPT02 20121
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
self-employment, coping, stress, sleep, subjective health complaints, CATS, cognitive activation theory of stress
language
Swedish
id
2676385
date added to LUP
2012-06-05 11:13:54
date last changed
2012-06-05 11:13:54
@misc{2676385,
  abstract     = {The Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress (CATS) suggests that the cognitive appraisal of a stressor determines whether a psychological and physiological stress response will take place. Coping is hence equated to positive outcome expectancy, i.e. the perceived ability to handle the stressful situation with a positive outcome. A short, temporary stress response can provide learning (train) and prepare the individual for a possible reoccurrence of the stressful situation, whereas a prolonged stress response can lead to strain and eventually affect the person's health. In the present study, a questionnaire was distributed to 430 Swedish self-employed workers to examine the hypothesized correlations between positive outcome expectancy and disturbed sleep, somatic complaints and perceived stress. Additional hypotheses stated that response outcome expectancy would correlate with sense of mastery and worry in relation to different aspects of self-employment and the future of the company. The results were compared to data from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Study of Health (SLOSH). Results showed that the hypothesized correlations were existent and significant in the studied sample. Results of the present study, practical implications and suggestions for further research were discussed.},
  author       = {Bodestad, Lina and Persson, Ingrid},
  keyword      = {self-employment,coping,stress,sleep,subjective health complaints,CATS,cognitive activation theory of stress},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Stress, coping och hälsa hos egenföretagare},
  year         = {2012},
}