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Population aging and enrollment ratios in tertiary education: does population aging elevate the enrollment ratio in OECD countries?

Isaka, Kiminori LU (2012) EKHR72 20121
Department of Economic History
Abstract
This study examines possibility of positive contribution of population aging to enrolment ratios in tertiary education of 32 OECD countries from 1970 onward. It estimates an equation with fertility, life expectancy, GDP per capita, schooling age population for tertiary education and expenditures to education. In the equation, the variables reflect demand, supply and constraints on education identified in literature review. The result unexpectedly indicates negative or negligible impact of population aging on the enrollment ratio for countries likely suffering from educational supply constraint. Positive relationship between population aging and the enrollment ratio is suggested only for less developed OECD countries with a little... (More)
This study examines possibility of positive contribution of population aging to enrolment ratios in tertiary education of 32 OECD countries from 1970 onward. It estimates an equation with fertility, life expectancy, GDP per capita, schooling age population for tertiary education and expenditures to education. In the equation, the variables reflect demand, supply and constraints on education identified in literature review. The result unexpectedly indicates negative or negligible impact of population aging on the enrollment ratio for countries likely suffering from educational supply constraint. Positive relationship between population aging and the enrollment ratio is suggested only for less developed OECD countries with a little educational supply constraint. The results overall urge reconsideration of the assumption of recent population aging simulations that population aging stimulates human capital accumulation in developed countries. (Less)
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author
Isaka, Kiminori LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHR72 20121
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Population aging, enrollment ratio, tertiary education, educational supply constraint, OECD, human capital accumulation
language
English
id
2798756
date added to LUP
2012-06-26 11:14:15
date last changed
2012-06-26 11:14:15
@misc{2798756,
  abstract     = {This study examines possibility of positive contribution of population aging to enrolment ratios in tertiary education of 32 OECD countries from 1970 onward. It estimates an equation with fertility, life expectancy, GDP per capita, schooling age population for tertiary education and expenditures to education. In the equation, the variables reflect demand, supply and constraints on education identified in literature review. The result unexpectedly indicates negative or negligible impact of population aging on the enrollment ratio for countries likely suffering from educational supply constraint. Positive relationship between population aging and the enrollment ratio is suggested only for less developed OECD countries with a little educational supply constraint. The results overall urge reconsideration of the assumption of recent population aging simulations that population aging stimulates human capital accumulation in developed countries.},
  author       = {Isaka, Kiminori},
  keyword      = {Population aging,enrollment ratio,tertiary education,educational supply constraint,OECD,human capital accumulation},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Population aging and enrollment ratios in tertiary education: does population aging elevate the enrollment ratio in OECD countries?},
  year         = {2012},
}