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Simulation of building evacuation

Lundkvist, Mats and Botvalde, Anton (2012)
Computer Science and Engineering (BSc)
Abstract
This thesis describes the development of a discrete event building evacuation simulator using the Java programming language and the various results that were produced from the simulations that were done. The simulator allows people to evacuate a building which has been defined via a graphical interface. People are then split into two groups, those who use elevators and those who do not. The program provides various statistics based on the simulation that was done. Due to safety concerns, during a building evacuation only stairs are used to evacuate a building. This often leads to huge queues forming up and could potentially be avoided by allowing elevators to take some of the load of the stairs. After the 9/11 attacks in 2001 there have... (More)
This thesis describes the development of a discrete event building evacuation simulator using the Java programming language and the various results that were produced from the simulations that were done. The simulator allows people to evacuate a building which has been defined via a graphical interface. People are then split into two groups, those who use elevators and those who do not. The program provides various statistics based on the simulation that was done. Due to safety concerns, during a building evacuation only stairs are used to evacuate a building. This often leads to huge queues forming up and could potentially be avoided by allowing elevators to take some of the load of the stairs. After the 9/11 attacks in 2001 there have been some debate about changing the evacuation procedures for tall buildings. There have been previous work done on simulation of tall buildings evacuation and big time related gains were shown by allowing people to use elevators. This thesis concentrates around evacuation of smaller buildings, up to ten stories high. The results of the thesis show that faster evacuations are possible with elevators in smaller buildings, although further research is required to generalize the results. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Lundkvist, Mats and Botvalde, Anton
organization
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
discrete event simulation, building evacuation simulation, simulation in java, elevator simulation, elevators
language
English
id
2834821
alternative location
http://portal.ch.lu.se/Campus.NET/Services/Publication/Export.aspx?id=2249&type=doc
date added to LUP
2012-06-22
date last changed
2012-06-28 11:24:26
@misc{2834821,
  abstract     = {This thesis describes the development of a discrete event building evacuation simulator using the Java programming language and the various results that were produced from the simulations that were done. The simulator allows people to evacuate a building which has been defined via a graphical interface. People are then split into two groups, those who use elevators and those who do not. The program provides various statistics based on the simulation that was done. Due to safety concerns, during a building evacuation only stairs are used to evacuate a building. This often leads to huge queues forming up and could potentially be avoided by allowing elevators to take some of the load of the stairs. After the 9/11 attacks in 2001 there have been some debate about changing the evacuation procedures for tall buildings. There have been previous work done on simulation of tall buildings evacuation and big time related gains were shown by allowing people to use elevators. This thesis concentrates around evacuation of smaller buildings, up to ten stories high. The results of the thesis show that faster evacuations are possible with elevators in smaller buildings, although further research is required to generalize the results.},
  author       = {Lundkvist, Mats and Botvalde, Anton},
  keyword      = {discrete event simulation,building evacuation simulation,simulation in java,elevator simulation,elevators},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Simulation of building evacuation},
  year         = {2012},
}