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The effects of land and enterprise ownership on child labor: evidence from Mexican households

Ortiz Mares, Minerva LU (2012) EKHR92 20121
Department of Economic History
Abstract (Swedish)
Significant amount of studies have found evidence on the effects of land ownership on child labor suggesting that land-rich households tend to employ their children more than land-poor households, this phenomenon was labeled as “the wealth paradox”. In this study we include enterprise ownership in the empirical analysis to investigate the effect of ownership and the size of such assets on child labor. Three different limited dependent variable specifications were used to model the effects of asset ownership on the probability of child labor, hours of child labor, and the probability of specializing in labor, specializing in school, combining both activities, or neither do one nor the other. We found some evidence that land-rich households... (More)
Significant amount of studies have found evidence on the effects of land ownership on child labor suggesting that land-rich households tend to employ their children more than land-poor households, this phenomenon was labeled as “the wealth paradox”. In this study we include enterprise ownership in the empirical analysis to investigate the effect of ownership and the size of such assets on child labor. Three different limited dependent variable specifications were used to model the effects of asset ownership on the probability of child labor, hours of child labor, and the probability of specializing in labor, specializing in school, combining both activities, or neither do one nor the other. We found some evidence that land-rich households are more likely to have boys and girls laborers than land-poor households. In the case of enterprise ownership it was found evidence on the wealth paradox only for girls. In general, girls tend to work more and combine school and labor activities while boys tend to specialize in either school or labor activities. (Less)
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author
Ortiz Mares, Minerva LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHR92 20121
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
child labor, asset ownership, wealth paradox.
language
English
id
2857191
date added to LUP
2012-09-27 08:49:46
date last changed
2012-09-27 08:49:46
@misc{2857191,
  abstract     = {Significant amount of studies have found evidence on the effects of land ownership on child labor suggesting that land-rich households tend to employ their children more than land-poor households, this phenomenon was labeled as “the wealth paradox”. In this study we include enterprise ownership in the empirical analysis to investigate the effect of ownership and the size of such assets on child labor. Three different limited dependent variable specifications were used to model the effects of asset ownership on the probability of child labor, hours of child labor, and the probability of specializing in labor, specializing in school, combining both activities, or neither do one nor the other. We found some evidence that land-rich households are more likely to have boys and girls laborers than land-poor households. In the case of enterprise ownership it was found evidence on the wealth paradox only for girls. In general, girls tend to work more and combine school and labor activities while boys tend to specialize in either school or labor activities.},
  author       = {Ortiz Mares, Minerva},
  keyword      = {child labor,asset ownership,wealth paradox.},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The effects of land and enterprise ownership on child labor: evidence from Mexican households},
  year         = {2012},
}