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An Empirical Evaluation of Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training for Residential Treatment Center Staff

Åkerlund, Robin LU (2012) PPTN76 20121
Department of Psychology
Abstract
The aim of this intervention study was to investigate possible effects of dialectical behavior therapy skills training (DBT-ST) for staffs at a residential treatment center for patients with serious mental illness. Eighteen staffs divided in two groups were assessed before and after participation in DBT-ST. The intervention lasted one year for each group. Mean number of self-injuries each month were calculated for patients (N = 64) at the center receiving DBT during the baseline, intervention, and post-intervention years. Staff participation in DBT-ST was associated with increases in self-reported mindfulness and improvements in the work environment. The number of staffs who reported frequent violent incidents at work decreased from 39% to... (More)
The aim of this intervention study was to investigate possible effects of dialectical behavior therapy skills training (DBT-ST) for staffs at a residential treatment center for patients with serious mental illness. Eighteen staffs divided in two groups were assessed before and after participation in DBT-ST. The intervention lasted one year for each group. Mean number of self-injuries each month were calculated for patients (N = 64) at the center receiving DBT during the baseline, intervention, and post-intervention years. Staff participation in DBT-ST was associated with increases in self-reported mindfulness and improvements in the work environment. The number of staffs who reported frequent violent incidents at work decreased from 39% to 11%. A significant and large reduction (r = -.63) was found in the number of self-injuries among patients following DBT-ST for the first group of staffs. The study demonstrates that important aspects of mindfulness probably can be learned by staffs without engaging in meditation-based programs. Further, the results suggest the hypothesis that promoting increased mindfulness among staffs can contribute to a reduction of self-harm and violence among patients. The findings are discussed with reference to a cognitive declarative-procedural-reflective model of therapist skill development (Bennett-Levy, 2006). (Less)
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author
Åkerlund, Robin LU
supervisor
organization
course
PPTN76 20121
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Mindfulness, dialectical behavior therapy, personal therapy, staff, self-injury
language
English
id
2966052
date added to LUP
2012-08-27 09:40:33
date last changed
2012-08-27 09:40:33
@misc{2966052,
  abstract     = {The aim of this intervention study was to investigate possible effects of dialectical behavior therapy skills training (DBT-ST) for staffs at a residential treatment center for patients with serious mental illness. Eighteen staffs divided in two groups were assessed before and after participation in DBT-ST. The intervention lasted one year for each group. Mean number of self-injuries each month were calculated for patients (N = 64) at the center receiving DBT during the baseline, intervention, and post-intervention years. Staff participation in DBT-ST was associated with increases in self-reported mindfulness and improvements in the work environment. The number of staffs who reported frequent violent incidents at work decreased from 39% to 11%. A significant and large reduction (r = -.63) was found in the number of self-injuries among patients following DBT-ST for the first group of staffs. The study demonstrates that important aspects of mindfulness probably can be learned by staffs without engaging in meditation-based programs. Further, the results suggest the hypothesis that promoting increased mindfulness among staffs can contribute to a reduction of self-harm and violence among patients. The findings are discussed with reference to a cognitive declarative-procedural-reflective model of therapist skill development (Bennett-Levy, 2006).},
  author       = {Åkerlund, Robin},
  keyword      = {Mindfulness,dialectical behavior therapy,personal therapy,staff,self-injury},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {An Empirical Evaluation of Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training for Residential Treatment Center Staff},
  year         = {2012},
}