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The social power of wind : the role of participation and social entrepreneurship in overcoming barriers for community wind farm development : lessons from the Ixtepec community wind farm project in Mexico

Hoffmann, Julia LU (2012) In Master Thesis Series in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science MESM01 20121
LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)
Abstract
The global transition to renewable energies is increasingly driven by wind energy, which now experiences its biggest growth in the emerging and developing countries. The development of large-scale wind farms raises concerns over often neglected territorial and social dimensions of wind energy development – important issues in areas like the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, southern Mexico, where indigenous communities often still practice collective land ownership. As a response to the perceived lack of local communities' participation in both the process and benefit distribution of wind energy development in this region, the indigenous governance body of the city of Ixtepec approved a proposal to pursue a community wind farm in cooperation with... (More)
The global transition to renewable energies is increasingly driven by wind energy, which now experiences its biggest growth in the emerging and developing countries. The development of large-scale wind farms raises concerns over often neglected territorial and social dimensions of wind energy development – important issues in areas like the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, southern Mexico, where indigenous communities often still practice collective land ownership. As a response to the perceived lack of local communities' participation in both the process and benefit distribution of wind energy development in this region, the indigenous governance body of the city of Ixtepec approved a proposal to pursue a community wind farm in cooperation with the Yansa Group (comprised of a foundation and a social enterprise)in 2011. This thesis investigates how the approaches of participation and social entrepreneurship could enable the community of Ixtepec to overcome the barriers that have impeded community wind farm development in Mexico so far. A case study design with qualitative research methods is used to explore and analyse the Ixtepec community wind farm model. Having a constructivist understanding of social phenomena this involves the analysis of power relations shaped and constructed by the project model. The analysis shows that a diverse participatory approach focusing on the empowerment of marginalised sections of Ixtepec's community as well as the overall community development is carried out. The analysis suggests that there are
at least three dimensions of social entrepreneurship (organisational, individual and collective) that enable the Ixtepec community to overcome financial, capacity-related and legal barriers related to community wind farm development, as well as to ensure their ownership and control over their territories. While the creation of new organisational participatory structures could increase the actors' capacity for collective action and shape their own development, this could also lead to new forms of marginalisation or mask internal unequal power relations. This research
could provide important lessons for how the transition to renewable energies could be designed in a socially-just manner. (Less)
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author
Hoffmann, Julia LU
supervisor
organization
course
MESM01 20121
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
community wind energy power, community renewable energies, Isthmus of Tehuantepec, social enterprise, social entrepreneurship ustainability science
publication/series
Master Thesis Series in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science
report number
2012:024
language
English
additional info
Funders: Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes and Deutscher Akademischer Auslandsdienst (DAAD)
id
2967852
date added to LUP
2012-08-07 15:52:02
date last changed
2012-11-26 10:22:51
@misc{2967852,
  abstract     = {The global transition to renewable energies is increasingly driven by wind energy, which now experiences its biggest growth in the emerging and developing countries. The development of large-scale wind farms raises concerns over often neglected territorial and social dimensions of wind energy development – important issues in areas like the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, southern Mexico, where indigenous communities often still practice collective land ownership. As a response to the perceived lack of local communities' participation in both the process and benefit distribution of wind energy development in this region, the indigenous governance body of the city of Ixtepec approved a proposal to pursue a community wind farm in cooperation with the Yansa Group (comprised of a foundation and a social enterprise)in 2011. This thesis investigates how the approaches of participation and social entrepreneurship could enable the community of Ixtepec to overcome the barriers that have impeded community wind farm development in Mexico so far. A case study design with qualitative research methods is used to explore and analyse the Ixtepec community wind farm model. Having a constructivist understanding of social phenomena this involves the analysis of power relations shaped and constructed by the project model. The analysis shows that a diverse participatory approach focusing on the empowerment of marginalised sections of Ixtepec's community as well as the overall community development is carried out. The analysis suggests that there are 
at least three dimensions of social entrepreneurship (organisational, individual and collective) that enable the Ixtepec community to overcome financial, capacity-related and legal barriers related to community wind farm development, as well as to ensure their ownership and control over their territories. While the creation of new organisational participatory structures could increase the actors' capacity for collective action and shape their own development, this could also lead to new forms of marginalisation or mask internal unequal power relations. This research 
could provide important lessons for how the transition to renewable energies could be designed in a socially-just manner.},
  author       = {Hoffmann, Julia},
  keyword      = {community wind energy power,community renewable energies,Isthmus of Tehuantepec,social enterprise,social entrepreneurship ustainability science},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {Master Thesis Series in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science},
  title        = {The social power of wind : the role of participation and social entrepreneurship in overcoming barriers for community wind farm development : lessons from the Ixtepec community wind farm project in Mexico},
  year         = {2012},
}