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Life in the margin

Anjert, Katarina LU (2012) STVM11 20121
Department of Political Science
Abstract
In this thesis I examine pastoralists’ marginalization when it comes to land ownership in Tanzania, through a Minor Field Study based on interviews. The perception on pastoralism is since colonial times very negative and their way of living do not seem appropriate for the 21st century by the government. Pastoralists face a multitude of problems such as land alienation, degraded resources, conflict and insecurity, poor social services and their land is seen as unproductive wastelands.

In 1995 a new National Land Policy was introduced in Tanzania with the aim to ensure people’s rights to land and to reduce conflict. But even though pastoralists are considered in the policy it does not seem to be better off than previous land policies for... (More)
In this thesis I examine pastoralists’ marginalization when it comes to land ownership in Tanzania, through a Minor Field Study based on interviews. The perception on pastoralism is since colonial times very negative and their way of living do not seem appropriate for the 21st century by the government. Pastoralists face a multitude of problems such as land alienation, degraded resources, conflict and insecurity, poor social services and their land is seen as unproductive wastelands.

In 1995 a new National Land Policy was introduced in Tanzania with the aim to ensure people’s rights to land and to reduce conflict. But even though pastoralists are considered in the policy it does not seem to be better off than previous land policies for many reasons.

Political marginalization of pastoralists when it comes to land ownership is related to participation in politics, education, State organization and political organization according to my operationalization of the concepts marginalization and land ownership. Furthermore I found through my interviews the additional indicators governance, corruption, perception on pastoralism and knowledge gap, which all are examined and contribute to my theory development. Both indicators from my operationalization and the additional indicators fit into the theory of social capital that is proposing a new bottom-up dynamic with support from organizations as agencies to reduce marginalization. This means pastoralists degree of marginalization when it comes to land ownership decrease as the degree of social capital increases. (Less)
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author
Anjert, Katarina LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
a Minor Field Study on pastoralism and political marginalization in Tanzania
course
STVM11 20121
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Non-Governmental Organizations and Civil Society Organizations, Pastoralism, Land ownership, Marginalization, Social capital
language
English
id
2970935
date added to LUP
2012-09-05 16:16:21
date last changed
2012-09-05 16:16:21
@misc{2970935,
  abstract     = {In this thesis I examine pastoralists’ marginalization when it comes to land ownership in Tanzania, through a Minor Field Study based on interviews. The perception on pastoralism is since colonial times very negative and their way of living do not seem appropriate for the 21st century by the government. Pastoralists face a multitude of problems such as land alienation, degraded resources, conflict and insecurity, poor social services and their land is seen as unproductive wastelands. 

In 1995 a new National Land Policy was introduced in Tanzania with the aim to ensure people’s rights to land and to reduce conflict. But even though pastoralists are considered in the policy it does not seem to be better off than previous land policies for many reasons. 

Political marginalization of pastoralists when it comes to land ownership is related to participation in politics, education, State organization and political organization according to my operationalization of the concepts marginalization and land ownership. Furthermore I found through my interviews the additional indicators governance, corruption, perception on pastoralism and knowledge gap, which all are examined and contribute to my theory development. Both indicators from my operationalization and the additional indicators fit into the theory of social capital that is proposing a new bottom-up dynamic with support from organizations as agencies to reduce marginalization. This means pastoralists degree of marginalization when it comes to land ownership decrease as the degree of social capital increases.},
  author       = {Anjert, Katarina},
  keyword      = {Non-Governmental Organizations and Civil Society Organizations,Pastoralism,Land ownership,Marginalization,Social capital},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Life in the margin},
  year         = {2012},
}