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The Nordic Regionalism From the ‘Below’: The old and the new division of regionalism and the reason behind the weak Nordic cooperation on security and economy

Doyuran, Pinar LU (2012) SIMV29 20121
Graduate School
Abstract
Regionalism, that has been always with us in different forms throughout the history and emerged as an alternative theory after the end of Cold War, enables us to explain new world order. Since the end of WWII, there are two types of regionalism explaining the dynamics of regional formations. The one that came into question from the end of WWII till end of Cold War is names as ‘old’ regionalism and the one occurred after the end of Cold War is ‘new’ regionalism. There are distinctions between these two and all these differences will be studied throughout the thesis. However the most important distinction that will be one of the main theoretical frameworks of this thesis is the distinction between top-down (from ‘above’) and bottom-up (from... (More)
Regionalism, that has been always with us in different forms throughout the history and emerged as an alternative theory after the end of Cold War, enables us to explain new world order. Since the end of WWII, there are two types of regionalism explaining the dynamics of regional formations. The one that came into question from the end of WWII till end of Cold War is names as ‘old’ regionalism and the one occurred after the end of Cold War is ‘new’ regionalism. There are distinctions between these two and all these differences will be studied throughout the thesis. However the most important distinction that will be one of the main theoretical frameworks of this thesis is the distinction between top-down (from ‘above’) and bottom-up (from ‘below’). According to old regionalists, the regional arrangements were created by the will and the allowance of two super powers (USA and Soviet Union) - topdown or from ‘above’ - during Cold War era. However, after the end of Cold War and due to end of bipolar structure of international system, they started to be established by the will of its member states- bottom-up or from ‘above’-. This is one of the main distinctions between the old and the new regionalism. By employing these ideas, this thesis, first of all, aims to demonstrate the Nordic Council, as a bottom-up regional formation that was created totally by the will of its members during the Cold War era. This creates contradiction what old regionalists argue and makes Nordic Council as an interesting field to be examined. In addition to that main part of my research motivation is to understand why Nordic Council, created purely by the will of its members, could not develop stronger cooperation on security and economy. From my observation throughout my research process, in order to get the right answer of my research question, historical background and historical context constitutes a great importance for both theoretical and empirical part. (Less)
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author
Doyuran, Pinar LU
supervisor
organization
course
SIMV29 20121
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
language
English
id
3030982
date added to LUP
2012-08-29 15:11:46
date last changed
2012-08-29 15:11:46
@misc{3030982,
  abstract     = {Regionalism, that has been always with us in different forms throughout the history and emerged as an alternative theory after the end of Cold War, enables us to explain new world order. Since the end of WWII, there are two types of regionalism explaining the dynamics of regional formations. The one that came into question from the end of WWII till end of Cold War is names as ‘old’ regionalism and the one occurred after the end of Cold War is ‘new’ regionalism. There are distinctions between these two and all these differences will be studied throughout the thesis. However the most important distinction that will be one of the main theoretical frameworks of this thesis is the distinction between top-down (from ‘above’) and bottom-up (from ‘below’). According to old regionalists, the regional arrangements were created by the will and the allowance of two super powers (USA and Soviet Union) - topdown or from ‘above’ - during Cold War era. However, after the end of Cold War and due to end of bipolar structure of international system, they started to be established by the will of its member states- bottom-up or from ‘above’-. This is one of the main distinctions between the old and the new regionalism. By employing these ideas, this thesis, first of all, aims to demonstrate the Nordic Council, as a bottom-up regional formation that was created totally by the will of its members during the Cold War era. This creates contradiction what old regionalists argue and makes Nordic Council as an interesting field to be examined. In addition to that main part of my research motivation is to understand why Nordic Council, created purely by the will of its members, could not develop stronger cooperation on security and economy. From my observation throughout my research process, in order to get the right answer of my research question, historical background and historical context constitutes a great importance for both theoretical and empirical part.},
  author       = {Doyuran, Pinar},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The Nordic Regionalism From the ‘Below’: The old and the new division of regionalism and the reason behind the weak Nordic cooperation on security and economy},
  year         = {2012},
}