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Medveten närvaro i skolan: en utvärderande studie av programmet COMPAS

Kvist, Rikard LU and Rojas Jerez, Pamela LU (2012) PSPT02 20121
Department of Psychology
Abstract
In this study we explored how mindfulness training interacted with psychological wellbeing and compassion for children in early adolescence. The sample included 251 7th and 8th grade students from two elementary schools in southern Sweden. The intervention was a mindfulness based-program called COMPAS (Compassion and Attention in the Schools), which consisted of two pre recorded guided meditations that the students listened to twice a week and a reflection exercise once a week. The study was a randomized pre- and post measure control group design. ANOVA repeated measures and regression analysis was used to analyze the data. The regression analysis showed significant results on psychological wellbeing. It showed that more training in... (More)
In this study we explored how mindfulness training interacted with psychological wellbeing and compassion for children in early adolescence. The sample included 251 7th and 8th grade students from two elementary schools in southern Sweden. The intervention was a mindfulness based-program called COMPAS (Compassion and Attention in the Schools), which consisted of two pre recorded guided meditations that the students listened to twice a week and a reflection exercise once a week. The study was a randomized pre- and post measure control group design. ANOVA repeated measures and regression analysis was used to analyze the data. The regression analysis showed significant results on psychological wellbeing. It showed that more training in mindfulness results in fewer psychological symptoms. However, the program did not show any significant effects between the experimental group and control group. The program will continue over the course of another two semesters not including the semester this study is based on. Mindfulness effect on children is an important, but sparsely researched topic for more research is needed. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
I denna studie undersöktes hur träning i medveten närvaro påverkade psykologiskt välbefinnande och medkänsla hos barn i tidig adolescens. Urvalet bestod av 251 högstadieelever från två olika skolor i södra Sverige. Interventionen var ett medveten närvaro-baserat program, COMPAS (Compassion and Attention in the Schools), som bestod av två förinspelade guidade meditationer som eleverna lyssnade på två gånger i veckan, samt en reflektionsövning en gång i veckan. Studien var en randomiserad före- och eftermätning kontrollgruppdesign. Variansanalys (ANOVA repeated mesaures), samt regressionsanalys genomfördes på det insamlade materialet. Regressionsanalysen visade på en signifikant skillnad i experimentgruppen för psykologiskt välbefinnande,... (More)
I denna studie undersöktes hur träning i medveten närvaro påverkade psykologiskt välbefinnande och medkänsla hos barn i tidig adolescens. Urvalet bestod av 251 högstadieelever från två olika skolor i södra Sverige. Interventionen var ett medveten närvaro-baserat program, COMPAS (Compassion and Attention in the Schools), som bestod av två förinspelade guidade meditationer som eleverna lyssnade på två gånger i veckan, samt en reflektionsövning en gång i veckan. Studien var en randomiserad före- och eftermätning kontrollgruppdesign. Variansanalys (ANOVA repeated mesaures), samt regressionsanalys genomfördes på det insamlade materialet. Regressionsanalysen visade på en signifikant skillnad i experimentgruppen för psykologiskt välbefinnande, att ju mer träning i medveten närvaro man deltog i, desto färre psykologiska symtom uppvisade man. Jämförelse mellan experimentgrupp och kontrollgrupp visade emellertid inte på några signifikanta effekter av programmet. Programmet kommer att löpa över ytterligare två terminer förutom den termin vars material denna studie behandlar. Hur medveten närvaro påverkar barn är ett viktigt men ännu relativt outforskat forskningsområde. (Less)
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author
Kvist, Rikard LU and Rojas Jerez, Pamela LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPT02 20121
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
psykologiskt välbefinnande, skola, tidig adolescens, medveten närvaro, meditation, medkänsla
language
Swedish
id
3049605
date added to LUP
2012-09-07 14:05:45
date last changed
2012-09-07 14:05:45
@misc{3049605,
  abstract     = {In this study we explored how mindfulness training interacted with psychological wellbeing and compassion for children in early adolescence. The sample included 251 7th and 8th grade students from two elementary schools in southern Sweden. The intervention was a mindfulness based-program called COMPAS (Compassion and Attention in the Schools), which consisted of two pre recorded guided meditations that the students listened to twice a week and a reflection exercise once a week. The study was a randomized pre- and post measure control group design. ANOVA repeated measures and regression analysis was used to analyze the data. The regression analysis showed significant results on psychological wellbeing. It showed that more training in mindfulness results in fewer psychological symptoms. However, the program did not show any significant effects between the experimental group and control group. The program will continue over the course of another two semesters not including the semester this study is based on. Mindfulness effect on children is an important, but sparsely researched topic for more research is needed.},
  author       = {Kvist, Rikard and Rojas Jerez, Pamela},
  keyword      = {psykologiskt välbefinnande,skola,tidig adolescens,medveten närvaro,meditation,medkänsla},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Medveten närvaro i skolan: en utvärderande studie av programmet COMPAS},
  year         = {2012},
}