Advanced

Overweight and obesity in early childhood affect weight status in the middle childhood years

Andersson, Katarina LU (2012) LÄKM01 20121
MD Programme
Abstract
Background: Overweight and obesity in the preschool years has become an established problem in Sweden.
Objectives: To study the development of weight status between the ages of 4-5 and 10-11 in two groups of different socioeconomic belongings and to create an overview of weight management programs for very young children.
Method: The study population was a group of children born in 1999, living in Lund or Burlöv. The 10 year-measurements were obtained through the School Health Care charts and later linked with data from the Child Health Care. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated and interpreted according to Cole et al (2000). The literature search was performed in Medline.
Results: Analysis included 798 children, showing that a... (More)
Background: Overweight and obesity in the preschool years has become an established problem in Sweden.
Objectives: To study the development of weight status between the ages of 4-5 and 10-11 in two groups of different socioeconomic belongings and to create an overview of weight management programs for very young children.
Method: The study population was a group of children born in 1999, living in Lund or Burlöv. The 10 year-measurements were obtained through the School Health Care charts and later linked with data from the Child Health Care. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated and interpreted according to Cole et al (2000). The literature search was performed in Medline.
Results: Analysis included 798 children, showing that a significant part of the overweight/obese preschool children remained so at the age of 10 (Lund: 47.1%, Burlöv: 75.0%). Normal weight children most often did not change weight category (Lund: 90.8%, Burlöv: 82.1%). Living in a municipality with a lower socioeconomic status may have a negative impact on both the ability to resolve a weight problem and the risk of developing overweight. Seven studies of great diversity were included in the literature overview. All studies did involve parents and tried to modify diet habits and/or physical activity in some way.
Conclusion: Overweight at the age of 4-5 years is a strong predictive factor of being overweight at the age of 10. This correlation may be reinforced for a child living in a community with a lower socioeconomic status. More research is needed to define in what way early childhood overweight could be managed successfully. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Andersson, Katarina LU
supervisor
organization
course
LÄKM01 20121
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
language
English
id
3050452
date added to LUP
2012-09-17 15:04:26
date last changed
2012-09-17 15:04:26
@misc{3050452,
  abstract     = {Background: Overweight and obesity in the preschool years has become an established problem in Sweden.
Objectives: To study the development of weight status between the ages of 4-5 and 10-11 in two groups of different socioeconomic belongings and to create an overview of weight management programs for very young children.
Method: The study population was a group of children born in 1999, living in Lund or Burlöv. The 10 year-measurements were obtained through the School Health Care charts and later linked with data from the Child Health Care. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated and interpreted according to Cole et al (2000). The literature search was performed in Medline.
Results: Analysis included 798 children, showing that a significant part of the overweight/obese preschool children remained so at the age of 10 (Lund: 47.1%, Burlöv: 75.0%). Normal weight children most often did not change weight category (Lund: 90.8%, Burlöv: 82.1%). Living in a municipality with a lower socioeconomic status may have a negative impact on both the ability to resolve a weight problem and the risk of developing overweight. Seven studies of great diversity were included in the literature overview. All studies did involve parents and tried to modify diet habits and/or physical activity in some way.
Conclusion: Overweight at the age of 4-5 years is a strong predictive factor of being overweight at the age of 10. This correlation may be reinforced for a child living in a community with a lower socioeconomic status. More research is needed to define in what way early childhood overweight could be managed successfully.},
  author       = {Andersson, Katarina},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Overweight and obesity in early childhood affect weight status in the middle childhood years},
  year         = {2012},
}