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Ergonomisk förpackningsdesign för bättre handhälsa. En studie inom vården.

Folin, Jennifer LU and Lindgren, Cornelia LU (2012) MMK920 20121
Product Development
Abstract
This thesis is about the overlooked workload nurses’ hands are daily exposed to. This workload is made up of small tasks, seemingly requiring small efforts that together and over time can cause considerable muscle wear. A large number of these tasks consist of opening packages constructed to ensure that the products are sterile. In this study, the effects these packages have on the users were examined, as well as possible ways of improving them to minimize the negative health impact they have on the users’ hands. The research was carried out at Helsingborg’s Hospital and Linero’s Community Health Center in southern Sweden.
The problem was identified and described by means of observations, surveys, shadowing and interviews. At least 25% of... (More)
This thesis is about the overlooked workload nurses’ hands are daily exposed to. This workload is made up of small tasks, seemingly requiring small efforts that together and over time can cause considerable muscle wear. A large number of these tasks consist of opening packages constructed to ensure that the products are sterile. In this study, the effects these packages have on the users were examined, as well as possible ways of improving them to minimize the negative health impact they have on the users’ hands. The research was carried out at Helsingborg’s Hospital and Linero’s Community Health Center in southern Sweden.
The problem was identified and described by means of observations, surveys, shadowing and interviews. At least 25% of the nurses who received the survey stated that they have trouble or pain of some sort in their thumbs, fingers or wrists. Observations and shadowing revealed that a major portion of the daily work performed by the nurses involved their hands. By studying the workday and every tasks performed, it became clear that dealing with packages made up a major part of the tasks involving hands.
Brainstorming was used to come up with ideas that were then evaluated based on properties that were considered necessary, important and desired. The best ideas were realized as prototypes and used to perform a usability test. In the test, the prototypes were evaluated based on four statements concerning the force required to open, how easily the opening was performed, and how the performance felt. Combining the positive properties of the prototypes resulted in a final prototype and design. The final design has lips that are 30 mm long, 1.2 mm thick with an 18 mm radius hole in the middle of both lips. Two of the users from the original test group tested opening this final prototype, which confirmed that the combination of these properties resulted in a package that required less strength to open, was self-explanatory, easy to grip and comfortable to hold. This prototype was the basis of a written set of specifications presented to Region Skåne that aims to be of assistance in the purchase of more ergonomically designed packages. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Folin, Jennifer LU and Lindgren, Cornelia LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
Förpackningsdesign. Handergonomi inom vården
course
MMK920 20121
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Hand ergonomics, sterile packaging, packaging design, health care, occupational injury, Handergonomi, sterila förpackningar, förpackningsdesign, vården, arbetsskada
other publication id
LUTMDN/TMAT-5160-SE
language
Swedish
id
3054691
date added to LUP
2012-10-08 10:35:10
date last changed
2012-10-08 10:35:10
@misc{3054691,
  abstract     = {This thesis is about the overlooked workload nurses’ hands are daily exposed to. This workload is made up of small tasks, seemingly requiring small efforts that together and over time can cause considerable muscle wear. A large number of these tasks consist of opening packages constructed to ensure that the products are sterile. In this study, the effects these packages have on the users were examined, as well as possible ways of improving them to minimize the negative health impact they have on the users’ hands. The research was carried out at Helsingborg’s Hospital and Linero’s Community Health Center in southern Sweden.
The problem was identified and described by means of observations, surveys, shadowing and interviews. At least 25% of the nurses who received the survey stated that they have trouble or pain of some sort in their thumbs, fingers or wrists. Observations and shadowing revealed that a major portion of the daily work performed by the nurses involved their hands. By studying the workday and every tasks performed, it became clear that dealing with packages made up a major part of the tasks involving hands.
Brainstorming was used to come up with ideas that were then evaluated based on properties that were considered necessary, important and desired. The best ideas were realized as prototypes and used to perform a usability test. In the test, the prototypes were evaluated based on four statements concerning the force required to open, how easily the opening was performed, and how the performance felt. Combining the positive properties of the prototypes resulted in a final prototype and design. The final design has lips that are 30 mm long, 1.2 mm thick with an 18 mm radius hole in the middle of both lips. Two of the users from the original test group tested opening this final prototype, which confirmed that the combination of these properties resulted in a package that required less strength to open, was self-explanatory, easy to grip and comfortable to hold. This prototype was the basis of a written set of specifications presented to Region Skåne that aims to be of assistance in the purchase of more ergonomically designed packages.},
  author       = {Folin, Jennifer and Lindgren, Cornelia},
  keyword      = {Hand ergonomics,sterile packaging,packaging design,health care,occupational injury,Handergonomi,sterila förpackningar,förpackningsdesign,vården,arbetsskada},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Ergonomisk förpackningsdesign för bättre handhälsa. En studie inom vården.},
  year         = {2012},
}