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Best living neighbourhood in the city : a GIS based multi criteria evaluation of ArRiyadh City

Nadeem, Qaisar LU (2012) In LUMA-GIS Thesis GISM01 20101
Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
Abstract
ArRiyadh city is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. It hosts almost five million people from different parts of the world and different parts of the country. The city is facing heavy migration pressure therefore the living conditions in the different parts of the city are different. The inhabitants are concerned about their mobility and accessibility to different civic services. Therefore living area selection in the city becomes an important subject because living area affects a person physically, economically and emotionally.
This study illustrates the use of Geographic Information System to assess the accessibility to six basic civic services including health care, educational, emergency response in the form of... (More)
ArRiyadh city is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. It hosts almost five million people from different parts of the world and different parts of the country. The city is facing heavy migration pressure therefore the living conditions in the different parts of the city are different. The inhabitants are concerned about their mobility and accessibility to different civic services. Therefore living area selection in the city becomes an important subject because living area affects a person physically, economically and emotionally.
This study illustrates the use of Geographic Information System to assess the accessibility to six basic civic services including health care, educational, emergency response in the form of firefighting & ambulance, public parks and shopping centers from different parts of the city and Multi-Criteria Evaluation framework to aggregate the accessibility of these services to find the best area(s) for living in the city. The study defines the “Best” areas as the areas that have easiest accessibility to all these services.
Service areas for each service have been calculated using road network and these service areas are converted to raster to aggregate them into a single dataset using weighted linear addition method. The single raster is classified into five classes including, best, good, acceptable, bad and worst using the natural breaks classification scheme.
It has been found that this approach of using network based analysis with Multi-Criteria Evaluation is very useful for selecting a neighborhood for living for the residents and for planners this approach provides an opportunity to find the planning gaps and evaluation of the availability of civic services to the citizens. (Less)
Abstract
Popular science
ArRiyadh, the capital city of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. During the last decade the population of the city has been increased to five million due to heavy migration towards the city. Due to this population pressure, the living conditions in the different neighborhoods of the city are different. The residents in any city are mainly concerned about their mobility and the availability of basic civic services with access and approach. Therefore the living area selection in the city becomes very important.

In this study Geographic Information System (GIS) has been used to evaluate the accessibility of the people to six basic civic services that include educational, health,... (More)
Popular science
ArRiyadh, the capital city of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. During the last decade the population of the city has been increased to five million due to heavy migration towards the city. Due to this population pressure, the living conditions in the different neighborhoods of the city are different. The residents in any city are mainly concerned about their mobility and the availability of basic civic services with access and approach. Therefore the living area selection in the city becomes very important.

In this study Geographic Information System (GIS) has been used to evaluate the accessibility of the people to six basic civic services that include educational, health, emergency response public parks and shopping malls from different parts of the city.
The main criteria for the accessibility is the travel time towards the service or from the service. Three time intervals are used for each service. For example for the ambulance three time intervals of three, six and eight minutes are used and the neighborhoods that are reachable from the ambulance center in three minutes are called the best areas. Similarly all the services and areas are evaluated and then the results of accessibility of all services have been aggregated and the areas that has "best" access for all services are called the "Best Living Neighborhoods" in the city.

This study highlights the methodological approach for the city planners to evaluate the availability of the services to the citizens in the different parts of the city. From the citizens points of view this methodology provides a mechanism for selecting an area for living. The study highlights the effective use of GIS for urban planning. (Less)
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author
Nadeem, Qaisar LU
supervisor
organization
course
GISM01 20101
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
physical geography, geography, GIS, accessibility, network analysis, MCE, ArRiyadh
publication/series
LUMA-GIS Thesis
report number
18
language
English
id
3127507
date added to LUP
2012-10-09 10:58:05
date last changed
2012-10-09 10:58:05
@misc{3127507,
  abstract     = {Popular science
ArRiyadh, the capital city of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. During the last decade the population of the city has been increased to five million due to heavy migration towards the city. Due to this population pressure, the living conditions in the different neighborhoods of the city are different. The residents in any city are mainly concerned about their mobility and the availability of basic civic services with access and approach. Therefore the living area selection in the city becomes very important.

In this study Geographic Information System (GIS) has been used to evaluate the accessibility of the people to six basic civic services that include educational, health, emergency response public parks and shopping malls from different parts of the city. 
The main criteria for the accessibility is the travel time towards the service or from the service. Three time intervals are used for each service. For example for the ambulance three time intervals of three, six and eight minutes are used and the neighborhoods that are reachable from the ambulance center in three minutes are called the best areas. Similarly all the services and areas are evaluated and then the results of accessibility of all services have been aggregated and the areas that has "best" access for all services are called the "Best Living Neighborhoods" in the city.

This study highlights the methodological approach for the city planners to evaluate the availability of the services to the citizens in the different parts of the city. From the citizens points of view this methodology provides a mechanism for selecting an area for living. The study highlights the effective use of GIS for urban planning.},
  author       = {Nadeem, Qaisar},
  keyword      = {physical geography,geography,GIS,accessibility,network analysis,MCE,ArRiyadh},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {LUMA-GIS Thesis},
  title        = {Best living neighbourhood in the city : a GIS based multi criteria evaluation of ArRiyadh City},
  year         = {2012},
}