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Hemlöshetens framställningar - en kvalitativ jämförelse av hur hemlöshet framställs i dags-/kvällstidningar respektive i Socialstyrelsens/forskningens rapporter

Jönsson, Stina LU (2013) SOPA63 20122
School of Social Work
Abstract
The aim of this paper was to from a social constructivistic perspective highlight the representations of homeless people and homelessness given in Swedish daily/evening papers. The questions it aimed to answer were: how are homelessness and homeless people represented in daily/evening papers? Do the daily and evening paper’s representations correspond with what researches and the National Swedish Board of Health and Welfare say? How can this relation be understood? Homelessness has been considered a social problem since the 19th century. The ways to explain why homelessness exists and what defines a homeless person have been in constant change since then. A stereotypical image of a homeless person was under a long period of time the... (More)
The aim of this paper was to from a social constructivistic perspective highlight the representations of homeless people and homelessness given in Swedish daily/evening papers. The questions it aimed to answer were: how are homelessness and homeless people represented in daily/evening papers? Do the daily and evening paper’s representations correspond with what researches and the National Swedish Board of Health and Welfare say? How can this relation be understood? Homelessness has been considered a social problem since the 19th century. The ways to explain why homelessness exists and what defines a homeless person have been in constant change since then. A stereotypical image of a homeless person was under a long period of time the middle-aged, alcoholic male that by himself and his own shortcomings caused being homeless. Different ways of handling homelessness have been used with different support in researchers’ finding’s, everything from shelters, staircases, own homes to changes in housing policy. Media is one of the areas where homelessness has been displayed and was therefore the focus of my analysis. The analyzed material consisted of 46 articles from six of the largest daily and evening papers in Sweden. The articles were read and coded with help from Jönson’s (2010) structure for perspective analysis. The theory on social constructivism (how our reality is socially constructed) and discourse theory (by the language we use we both constitute and maintain a certain view of what is real and not) was used in the analysis to bring clarity as to what was found when the articles were coded. The analysis showed that the representations given in daily/evening papers do sometime correspond with the representations given by the National Swedish Board of Health and Welfare and researches’. In all three poverty is represented as an institutional factor in how to understand homelessness. Some that are only represented in daily/evening papers are the homeless EU migrants, which are not considered in the other two. One of the main reasons for causing people to be homeless is represented by daily/evening papers to be housing shortage. Different understandings of what it means to have a home, shows different ways to handle homelessness. If home is considered having an own home, Housing first is often understood to be the solution. When home is considered to be having a roof over your head, the staircase model with its different housing facilities is instead often the represented option.
Key words: homeless, representations, daily and evening paper, social constructivism (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Jönsson, Stina LU
supervisor
organization
course
SOPA63 20122
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
hemlös, framställningar, dags- och kvällstidningar, socialkonstruktivism
language
Swedish
id
3563569
date added to LUP
2013-03-13 13:33:51
date last changed
2013-03-13 13:33:51
@misc{3563569,
  abstract     = {The aim of this paper was to from a social constructivistic perspective highlight the representations of homeless people and homelessness given in Swedish daily/evening papers. The questions it aimed to answer were: how are homelessness and homeless people represented in daily/evening papers? Do the daily and evening paper’s representations correspond with what researches and the National Swedish Board of Health and Welfare say? How can this relation be understood? Homelessness has been considered a social problem since the 19th century. The ways to explain why homelessness exists and what defines a homeless person have been in constant change since then. A stereotypical image of a homeless person was under a long period of time the middle-aged, alcoholic male that by himself and his own shortcomings caused being homeless. Different ways of handling homelessness have been used with different support in researchers’ finding’s, everything from shelters, staircases, own homes to changes in housing policy. Media is one of the areas where homelessness has been displayed and was therefore the focus of my analysis. The analyzed material consisted of 46 articles from six of the largest daily and evening papers in Sweden. The articles were read and coded with help from Jönson’s (2010) structure for perspective analysis. The theory on social constructivism (how our reality is socially constructed) and discourse theory (by the language we use we both constitute and maintain a certain view of what is real and not) was used in the analysis to bring clarity as to what was found when the articles were coded. The analysis showed that the representations given in daily/evening papers do sometime correspond with the representations given by the National Swedish Board of Health and Welfare and researches’. In all three poverty is represented as an institutional factor in how to understand homelessness. Some that are only represented in daily/evening papers are the homeless EU migrants, which are not considered in the other two. One of the main reasons for causing people to be homeless is represented by daily/evening papers to be housing shortage. Different understandings of what it means to have a home, shows different ways to handle homelessness. If home is considered having an own home, Housing first is often understood to be the solution. When home is considered to be having a roof over your head, the staircase model with its different housing facilities is instead often the represented option.
Key words: homeless, representations, daily and evening paper, social constructivism},
  author       = {Jönsson, Stina},
  keyword      = {hemlös,framställningar,dags- och kvällstidningar,socialkonstruktivism},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Hemlöshetens framställningar - en kvalitativ jämförelse av hur hemlöshet framställs i dags-/kvällstidningar respektive i Socialstyrelsens/forskningens rapporter},
  year         = {2013},
}