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Replace One´s Place: The Livelihood of Internally Displaced People in Colombia

Helmcke, Cornelia LU (2013) HEKM10 20131
Human Ecology
Abstract (Spanish)
Colombia es el país con el número más alto en desplazados internos en el mundo. La población rural huye generalmente por la violencia generada en el conflicto armado. Pero también los llamados “proyectos de desarrollo” de empresas multinacionales que invierten en infraestructura generalmente afectan a comunidades locales. El Banco Mundial ofrece un manual de operaciones (4.12) para los “reasentamientos inducidos por el desarrollo” para evitar el empobrecimiento. El manual pone énfasis en la devolución de los bienes desubsistencia (livelihood) de la población reasentada. Pero, ¿comparte la población afectada por desplazamiento el mismo concepto de subsistencia (livelihood)? ¿Se puede reemplazar el
lugar (place)? Entrevistas profundas con... (More)
Colombia es el país con el número más alto en desplazados internos en el mundo. La población rural huye generalmente por la violencia generada en el conflicto armado. Pero también los llamados “proyectos de desarrollo” de empresas multinacionales que invierten en infraestructura generalmente afectan a comunidades locales. El Banco Mundial ofrece un manual de operaciones (4.12) para los “reasentamientos inducidos por el desarrollo” para evitar el empobrecimiento. El manual pone énfasis en la devolución de los bienes desubsistencia (livelihood) de la población reasentada. Pero, ¿comparte la población afectada por desplazamiento el mismo concepto de subsistencia (livelihood)? ¿Se puede reemplazar el
lugar (place)? Entrevistas profundas con personas afectadas enseñan que cultura y proyecto de vida están relacionados fuertemente con lugar e identidad. A través de los resultados un enfoque (approach) de livelihood basado en el concepto de lugar es desarrollado y reúne la
teoría de livelihood con la teoría del Buen Vivir. (Less)
Abstract
Colombia is the country with the highest number of internally displaced people worldwide. Rural populations often flee violence provoked by the armed conflict. Also so called “development projects” when multinational corporations invest in infrastructure, usually affect local communities. The World Bank provides an Operational Manual (4.12) for “development induced resettlement” to prevent impoverishment. It puts its focus on reimbursing the assets of livelihood of the resettled population. But does the population suffering of displacement share the same approach of livelihood? Can place be replaced? This thesis analyses the case of El Quimbo, a hydroelectric project in the south of Colombia, which displaces a peasant community. In-depth... (More)
Colombia is the country with the highest number of internally displaced people worldwide. Rural populations often flee violence provoked by the armed conflict. Also so called “development projects” when multinational corporations invest in infrastructure, usually affect local communities. The World Bank provides an Operational Manual (4.12) for “development induced resettlement” to prevent impoverishment. It puts its focus on reimbursing the assets of livelihood of the resettled population. But does the population suffering of displacement share the same approach of livelihood? Can place be replaced? This thesis analyses the case of El Quimbo, a hydroelectric project in the south of Colombia, which displaces a peasant community. In-depth interviews with affected people show that culture and life projects are strongly related to place and identity. Through the findings a place-based livelihood approach is developed, bringing together the livelihood and the Buen Vivir (good life/well-being)approach. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Helmcke, Cornelia LU
supervisor
organization
course
HEKM10 20131
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
internal displacement, development induced resettlement, livelihood approach, Buen Vivir, place, El Quimbo, Neiva, Colombia
language
English
id
3736554
date added to LUP
2013-09-26 10:19:51
date last changed
2013-09-26 10:19:51
@misc{3736554,
  abstract     = {Colombia is the country with the highest number of internally displaced people worldwide. Rural populations often flee violence provoked by the armed conflict. Also so called “development projects” when multinational corporations invest in infrastructure, usually affect local communities. The World Bank provides an Operational Manual (4.12) for “development induced resettlement” to prevent impoverishment. It puts its focus on reimbursing the assets of livelihood of the resettled population. But does the population suffering of displacement share the same approach of livelihood? Can place be replaced? This thesis analyses the case of El Quimbo, a hydroelectric project in the south of Colombia, which displaces a peasant community. In-depth interviews with affected people show that culture and life projects are strongly related to place and identity. Through the findings a place-based livelihood approach is developed, bringing together the livelihood and the Buen Vivir (good life/well-being)approach.},
  author       = {Helmcke, Cornelia},
  keyword      = {internal displacement,development induced resettlement,livelihood approach,Buen Vivir,place,El Quimbo,Neiva,Colombia},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Replace One´s Place: The Livelihood of Internally Displaced People in Colombia},
  year         = {2013},
}