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Provokativa åtgärder och den enskildes rättsskydd

Somehagen, Emmie LU (2013) JURM02 20131
Department of Law
Abstract (Swedish)
I artikel 6 av EKMR fastställs rätten till en rättvis rättegång. Denna rättighet hotas när polis eller annan brottsutredande myndighet vidtar så kallade provokativa åtgärder. EKMR inkorporerades i svensk rätt genom en bestämmelse i regeringsformen (1974:152). Här uttrycks att svensk lag inte får meddelas i strid mot EKMR. Provokativa åtgärder hanteras i dagsläget inte uttryckligen i svensk lagstiftning. Icke desto mindre hanteras frågor gällande åtgärdernas vidtagande av svenska domstolar. Detta arbete ämnar utreda om svensk nationell rätt lever upp till de krav som EKMR ställer.

En viktig fråga för svensk nationell rätt gällande provokativa åtgärder är terminologin. Inom svensk rätt är denna oklar vilket ytterligare bidrar till... (More)
I artikel 6 av EKMR fastställs rätten till en rättvis rättegång. Denna rättighet hotas när polis eller annan brottsutredande myndighet vidtar så kallade provokativa åtgärder. EKMR inkorporerades i svensk rätt genom en bestämmelse i regeringsformen (1974:152). Här uttrycks att svensk lag inte får meddelas i strid mot EKMR. Provokativa åtgärder hanteras i dagsläget inte uttryckligen i svensk lagstiftning. Icke desto mindre hanteras frågor gällande åtgärdernas vidtagande av svenska domstolar. Detta arbete ämnar utreda om svensk nationell rätt lever upp till de krav som EKMR ställer.

En viktig fråga för svensk nationell rätt gällande provokativa åtgärder är terminologin. Inom svensk rätt är denna oklar vilket ytterligare bidrar till svårigheterna att överblicka den svensk nationella regleringen i relation till en praxis som fastställts av Europadomstolen gällande provokation.

Europadomstolen har uttalat att provokativa åtgärder som leder till att någon begår ett brott som denna under andra omständigheter inte skulle ha begått medför en kränkning av rätten till en rättvis rättegång. Huruvida ett sådant brott har begåtts kan fastställas utifrån en granskning av vilka omständigheter som ledde fram till att åtgärden vidtogs.

I svensk nationell rätt saknas en lagreglering av provokativa åtgärder. Det finns däremot praxis samt förarbeten och doktrin som har behandlat frågan och utifrån dessa går det att skapa en bild utav hur provokativa åtgärder hanteras i svensk nationell rätt. Det finns även lagstiftning gällande hur poliser får agera i sitt brottsutredande arbete. När det brott som skett till följd av en provokativ åtgärd sedan ska hanteras av rättsväsendet gäller generell straffprocessuell lagstiftning.

I en jämförelse av EKMR och svensk nationell rätt kan konstateras att provokativa åtgärder i svensk nationell rätt hanteras på ett sätt som torde vara förenligt med Europadomstolens praxis. Frågan kvarstår dock vilket som verkligen är det i svensk nationell rätt minst ingripande sättet att hantera provokation under och efter brottsutredningen. (Less)
Abstract
In Article 6 of the European Convention on Human rights the right to a fair trial is established. This right is threatened when a police officer or another officer of law acts as an agent provocateur. The European Convention on Human Rights was incorporated in Swedish law through a rule in the Swedish Constitution (Regeringsformen (1974:152)). There it is stated that no Swedish law can be enacted that is contrary to the European Convention on Human Rights. The use of so-called agent provocateurs is at present not regulated by Swedish national law. None the less Swedish courts are still forced to handle the consequences of such actions. The aim of this thesis is to investigate whether Swedish national law holds up the demands set by the... (More)
In Article 6 of the European Convention on Human rights the right to a fair trial is established. This right is threatened when a police officer or another officer of law acts as an agent provocateur. The European Convention on Human Rights was incorporated in Swedish law through a rule in the Swedish Constitution (Regeringsformen (1974:152)). There it is stated that no Swedish law can be enacted that is contrary to the European Convention on Human Rights. The use of so-called agent provocateurs is at present not regulated by Swedish national law. None the less Swedish courts are still forced to handle the consequences of such actions. The aim of this thesis is to investigate whether Swedish national law holds up the demands set by the European Convention on human rights.

An important question for Swedish national law concerning agent provocateurs is the terminology. Within Swedish law this is unclear which contributes to the difficulties in comparing the Swedish regulation and the regulation coming from the European Court of Human Rights.

The European Court of Human Rights has said that if actions are taken by the government in its measures to fight crime which leads to someone committing a crime which he or she would not have committed otherwise, it will result in an infringement of Article 6 and the right to a fair trial. Whether such a crime has been committed can be found by reviewing the circumstances before the measures where taken.

In Swedish national law there are no law concerning agent provocateurs. Nevertheless a norm can be found by reviewing precedent, investigations and doctrine that some statements have been made on the subject. By these sources a sense of how such situations are dealt with can be arrived at. There are also some statutes concerning how police officers are to act in their work against crime. When a crime that has been committed following the actions of an agent provocateur is to be handled by the criminal justice system there is also the general penal procedural law to be observed.

In a comparison between the European Convention on Human Rights and Swedish national law it can be established that the way which Swedish national law deal with the use of agent provocateurs is consistent with the precedent of the European Court of Human Rights. Though the question still stands in which way would be the least interfering for Swedish national law to deal with it. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Somehagen, Emmie LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
The use of agents provocateur and the legal protection of the individual
course
JURM02 20131
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
straffrätt, kriminalrätt, straffprocessrätt, provokation, bevisprovokation, brottsprovokation, EKMR
language
Swedish
id
3801384
date added to LUP
2013-06-14 12:50:47
date last changed
2013-06-14 12:50:47
@misc{3801384,
  abstract     = {In Article 6 of the European Convention on Human rights the right to a fair trial is established. This right is threatened when a police officer or another officer of law acts as an agent provocateur. The European Convention on Human Rights was incorporated in Swedish law through a rule in the Swedish Constitution (Regeringsformen (1974:152)). There it is stated that no Swedish law can be enacted that is contrary to the European Convention on Human Rights. The use of so-called agent provocateurs is at present not regulated by Swedish national law. None the less Swedish courts are still forced to handle the consequences of such actions. The aim of this thesis is to investigate whether Swedish national law holds up the demands set by the European Convention on human rights.

An important question for Swedish national law concerning agent provocateurs is the terminology. Within Swedish law this is unclear which contributes to the difficulties in comparing the Swedish regulation and the regulation coming from the European Court of Human Rights.

The European Court of Human Rights has said that if actions are taken by the government in its measures to fight crime which leads to someone committing a crime which he or she would not have committed otherwise, it will result in an infringement of Article 6 and the right to a fair trial. Whether such a crime has been committed can be found by reviewing the circumstances before the measures where taken.

In Swedish national law there are no law concerning agent provocateurs. Nevertheless a norm can be found by reviewing precedent, investigations and doctrine that some statements have been made on the subject. By these sources a sense of how such situations are dealt with can be arrived at. There are also some statutes concerning how police officers are to act in their work against crime. When a crime that has been committed following the actions of an agent provocateur is to be handled by the criminal justice system there is also the general penal procedural law to be observed.

In a comparison between the European Convention on Human Rights and Swedish national law it can be established that the way which Swedish national law deal with the use of agent provocateurs is consistent with the precedent of the European Court of Human Rights. Though the question still stands in which way would be the least interfering for Swedish national law to deal with it.},
  author       = {Somehagen, Emmie},
  keyword      = {straffrätt,kriminalrätt,straffprocessrätt,provokation,bevisprovokation,brottsprovokation,EKMR},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Provokativa åtgärder och den enskildes rättsskydd},
  year         = {2013},
}