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Challenging the ‘refugee effect’

Macheridis, Konstantin LU (2013) NEKH01 20131
Department of Economics
Abstract
This essay examines the relation between unemployment and self-employment using panel data covering all 27 European Union member states. The European Union contains of highly heterogeneous economies. A certain degree of heterogeneity is also prevalent within the group ‘self-employed’.
The hypothesis tested in this essay is stating that unemployment leads to self-employment in accordance with the ‘refugee’-thesis. This hypothesis is rejected on an over-all trend basis following a series of established regressions using robustness checks. Instead a negative relationship between self-employment and unemployment is captured, opposing the ‘refugee’-thesis. These results are confirmed when restricting the sample to the countries with the... (More)
This essay examines the relation between unemployment and self-employment using panel data covering all 27 European Union member states. The European Union contains of highly heterogeneous economies. A certain degree of heterogeneity is also prevalent within the group ‘self-employed’.
The hypothesis tested in this essay is stating that unemployment leads to self-employment in accordance with the ‘refugee’-thesis. This hypothesis is rejected on an over-all trend basis following a series of established regressions using robustness checks. Instead a negative relationship between self-employment and unemployment is captured, opposing the ‘refugee’-thesis. These results are confirmed when restricting the sample to the countries with the highest unemployment rates year 2012. Smaller evidence for the ‘refugee’-effect is found when excluding the countries with the highest proportion of workers in agriculture from the analysis. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Macheridis, Konstantin LU
supervisor
organization
course
NEKH01 20131
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Self-employment, unemployment, refugee effect, labor economics
language
English
id
3813952
date added to LUP
2013-06-20 10:31:56
date last changed
2013-06-20 10:31:56
@misc{3813952,
  abstract     = {This essay examines the relation between unemployment and self-employment using panel data covering all 27 European Union member states. The European Union contains of highly heterogeneous economies. A certain degree of heterogeneity is also prevalent within the group ‘self-employed’.
The hypothesis tested in this essay is stating that unemployment leads to self-employment in accordance with the ‘refugee’-thesis. This hypothesis is rejected on an over-all trend basis following a series of established regressions using robustness checks. Instead a negative relationship between self-employment and unemployment is captured, opposing the ‘refugee’-thesis. These results are confirmed when restricting the sample to the countries with the highest unemployment rates year 2012. Smaller evidence for the ‘refugee’-effect is found when excluding the countries with the highest proportion of workers in agriculture from the analysis.},
  author       = {Macheridis, Konstantin},
  keyword      = {Self-employment,unemployment,refugee effect,labor economics},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Challenging the ‘refugee effect’},
  year         = {2013},
}