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A comparison of auditory brainstem response thresholds in infants born with or without cleft lip and/or palate and otitis media with effusion

Sundman, Helena (2013) AUD414 20131
Logopedics, Phoniatrics and Audiology
Abstract
The prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) is much higher in infants born with cleft
lip and/or palate (CLP) than without CLP. It would be interesting to know if the related
hearing thresholds are poorer in infants with CLP than without, which could have a possible
impact on the early development of hearing, communication and speech. The aim of the study
was therefore to investigate the early hearing thresholds in infants with OME with and
without CLP. The present study investigated the hearing thresholds with auditory brainstem
response (ABR) for 60 infants 30 infants with CLP and OME and 30 infants without CLP
with OME in the control group. The mean age at the time of assessment for infants with CLP
and OME was 10 weeks... (More)
The prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) is much higher in infants born with cleft
lip and/or palate (CLP) than without CLP. It would be interesting to know if the related
hearing thresholds are poorer in infants with CLP than without, which could have a possible
impact on the early development of hearing, communication and speech. The aim of the study
was therefore to investigate the early hearing thresholds in infants with OME with and
without CLP. The present study investigated the hearing thresholds with auditory brainstem
response (ABR) for 60 infants 30 infants with CLP and OME and 30 infants without CLP
with OME in the control group. The mean age at the time of assessment for infants with CLP
and OME was 10 weeks for boys and 7 weeks for girls. In the control group the mean age was
15 weeks for boys and 16 weeks for girls. The results showed no statistical difference in the
ABR thresholds between the infants with CLP and OME and those with OME without CLP.
There was no significant difference in ABR thresholds due to cleft type. No gender difference
was found within the CLP group or within the control group. Therefore, OME seems to be the
only responsible factor for the elevated ABR thresholds at the newborn hearing screening for
these two groups of individuals. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Sundman, Helena
supervisor
organization
course
AUD414 20131
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Auditory brainstem response (ABR), hearing thresholds, infants, cleft lip and palate (CLP), otitis media with effusion (OME)
language
English
id
3910920
date added to LUP
2013-06-27 15:01:19
date last changed
2013-06-27 15:01:19
@misc{3910920,
  abstract     = {The prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) is much higher in infants born with cleft
lip and/or palate (CLP) than without CLP. It would be interesting to know if the related
hearing thresholds are poorer in infants with CLP than without, which could have a possible
impact on the early development of hearing, communication and speech. The aim of the study
was therefore to investigate the early hearing thresholds in infants with OME with and
without CLP. The present study investigated the hearing thresholds with auditory brainstem
response (ABR) for 60 infants 30 infants with CLP and OME and 30 infants without CLP
with OME in the control group. The mean age at the time of assessment for infants with CLP
and OME was 10 weeks for boys and 7 weeks for girls. In the control group the mean age was
15 weeks for boys and 16 weeks for girls. The results showed no statistical difference in the
ABR thresholds between the infants with CLP and OME and those with OME without CLP.
There was no significant difference in ABR thresholds due to cleft type. No gender difference
was found within the CLP group or within the control group. Therefore, OME seems to be the
only responsible factor for the elevated ABR thresholds at the newborn hearing screening for
these two groups of individuals.},
  author       = {Sundman, Helena},
  keyword      = {Auditory brainstem response (ABR),hearing thresholds,infants,cleft lip and palate (CLP),otitis media with effusion (OME)},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {A comparison of auditory brainstem response thresholds in infants born with or without cleft lip and/or palate and otitis media with effusion},
  year         = {2013},
}