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Is Sweden looking for people or labour? - a study on the situation for third-country national migrant workers in Sweden

Pettersson, Andrea LU (2013) WPMM41 20131
School of Social Work
Abstract
This thesis targets the Swedish labour immigration law for third-country nationals (TCNs): persons coming from outside the EU, ESS, and Switzerland. The reform, implemented in 2008, aims to positively influence circular migration. This study sets out to analyze strengths and flaws of the new system, through investigating the perception of actors in contact with the current legal labour migrant situation. The study is based on qualitative interviews with seven actors in contact with labour migration, as well as document analysis on debate articles selected from Swedish newspapers. The theoretical framework, consisting of closure theory and the concepts of exploitation and commodification, is operationalized by analysing the policy from the... (More)
This thesis targets the Swedish labour immigration law for third-country nationals (TCNs): persons coming from outside the EU, ESS, and Switzerland. The reform, implemented in 2008, aims to positively influence circular migration. This study sets out to analyze strengths and flaws of the new system, through investigating the perception of actors in contact with the current legal labour migrant situation. The study is based on qualitative interviews with seven actors in contact with labour migration, as well as document analysis on debate articles selected from Swedish newspapers. The theoretical framework, consisting of closure theory and the concepts of exploitation and commodification, is operationalized by analysing the policy from the starting point of the vulnerable situation migrant workers might experience in a host country. When linking the discourse of the various actors to the analytical framework, the findings of the study indicate that the Swedish labour immigration law for TCNs is including to the extent that there now is an easy way to legally enter Sweden to work, but excluding features in the form of various restrictions are also incorporated in the legal framework. Irresponsible employers1, exploiting migrant workers, are an existing complex problem. Still, it is unclear to what extent the legal framework is responsible for that. The findings show a lack of comprehensive information for migrant workers on the legal framework. This, in combination with the visa status, may lead to extra-exploitation on the Swedish labour market. Irresponsible employers may both exploit and commodify migrant workers in various ways. However, the legal framework with its restrictions directed towards TCNs is designed for migrant workers to not enjoy free movement on the labour market. Thus, it is possible that they are, due to state regulations, not commodified enough. (Less)
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author
Pettersson, Andrea LU
supervisor
organization
course
WPMM41 20131
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Third country nationals, closure theory, exploitation, commodification, Sweden, migrant workers
language
English
id
4004361
date added to LUP
2013-08-30 11:59:55
date last changed
2013-08-30 11:59:55
@misc{4004361,
  abstract     = {This thesis targets the Swedish labour immigration law for third-country nationals (TCNs): persons coming from outside the EU, ESS, and Switzerland. The reform, implemented in 2008, aims to positively influence circular migration. This study sets out to analyze strengths and flaws of the new system, through investigating the perception of actors in contact with the current legal labour migrant situation. The study is based on qualitative interviews with seven actors in contact with labour migration, as well as document analysis on debate articles selected from Swedish newspapers. The theoretical framework, consisting of closure theory and the concepts of exploitation and commodification, is operationalized by analysing the policy from the starting point of the vulnerable situation migrant workers might experience in a host country. When linking the discourse of the various actors to the analytical framework, the findings of the study indicate that the Swedish labour immigration law for TCNs is including to the extent that there now is an easy way to legally enter Sweden to work, but excluding features in the form of various restrictions are also incorporated in the legal framework. Irresponsible employers1, exploiting migrant workers, are an existing complex problem. Still, it is unclear to what extent the legal framework is responsible for that. The findings show a lack of comprehensive information for migrant workers on the legal framework. This, in combination with the visa status, may lead to extra-exploitation on the Swedish labour market. Irresponsible employers may both exploit and commodify migrant workers in various ways. However, the legal framework with its restrictions directed towards TCNs is designed for migrant workers to not enjoy free movement on the labour market. Thus, it is possible that they are, due to state regulations, not commodified enough.},
  author       = {Pettersson, Andrea},
  keyword      = {Third country nationals,closure theory,exploitation,commodification,Sweden,migrant workers},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Is Sweden looking for people or labour? - a study on the situation for third-country national migrant workers in Sweden},
  year         = {2013},
}