Skip to main content

LUP Student Papers

LUND UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES

Are EPZs potential labour traps for women?

Hägglund, Lovisa LU (2013) NEKH01 20131
Department of Economics
Abstract
Developing countries have since the 1960´s implemented export oriented strategies to benefit their global trade. Export Processing Zones (EPZ) are one of the most established trade instruments. Through time the zones have developed into more complex industries.

There are several aspects that are not considered when establishing trade zones, such as income development, educational development and gender equality. This study discusses the gender aspect of EPZs by considering working standards, education and wage levels. Moreover, EPZ development is discussed through cross-country studies while analysing vertical and horizontal segregation.

The thesis asks if EPZs are labour traps for women. The result of the thesis was that females... (More)
Developing countries have since the 1960´s implemented export oriented strategies to benefit their global trade. Export Processing Zones (EPZ) are one of the most established trade instruments. Through time the zones have developed into more complex industries.

There are several aspects that are not considered when establishing trade zones, such as income development, educational development and gender equality. This study discusses the gender aspect of EPZs by considering working standards, education and wage levels. Moreover, EPZ development is discussed through cross-country studies while analysing vertical and horizontal segregation.

The thesis asks if EPZs are labour traps for women. The result of the thesis was that females are exposed to discrimination and segregation through their occupation. They often hold low skilled jobs and lack an education. EPZs often offer jobs in areas where there is a low level of employment. EPZs can therefore help to develop areas that would eventually suffer from migration due to the lack of jobs. The conclusion was that there needs to more data regarding the subject and that governmental policies have to be developed and followed. It was also concluded that different areas have different needs. Policies and EPZ strategies therefore need to be adapted to each country. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Hägglund, Lovisa LU
supervisor
organization
course
NEKH01 20131
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Comparative advantages, export-oriented growth, globalization, industrialization, foreign investment, labour, gender, inequality, segregation
language
English
id
4193610
date added to LUP
2013-12-09 08:42:32
date last changed
2013-12-09 08:42:32
@misc{4193610,
  abstract     = {Developing countries have since the 1960´s implemented export oriented strategies to benefit their global trade. Export Processing Zones (EPZ) are one of the most established trade instruments. Through time the zones have developed into more complex industries. 

There are several aspects that are not considered when establishing trade zones, such as income development, educational development and gender equality. This study discusses the gender aspect of EPZs by considering working standards, education and wage levels. Moreover, EPZ development is discussed through cross-country studies while analysing vertical and horizontal segregation.

The thesis asks if EPZs are labour traps for women. The result of the thesis was that females are exposed to discrimination and segregation through their occupation. They often hold low skilled jobs and lack an education. EPZs often offer jobs in areas where there is a low level of employment. EPZs can therefore help to develop areas that would eventually suffer from migration due to the lack of jobs. The conclusion was that there needs to more data regarding the subject and that governmental policies have to be developed and followed. It was also concluded that different areas have different needs. Policies and EPZ strategies therefore need to be adapted to each country.},
  author       = {Hägglund, Lovisa},
  keyword      = {Comparative advantages,export-oriented growth,globalization,industrialization,foreign investment,labour,gender,inequality,segregation},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Are EPZs potential labour traps for women?},
  year         = {2013},
}