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Sverige, Dublinreglerna och den asylsökandes rättigheter

Redin, Anna LU (2013) LAGF03 20132
Department of Law
Faculty of Law
Abstract
The first Dublin Regulation was a result of those institutional changes that followed by the Amsterdam Treaty coming into force. The establishment was also a result of the European Council’s conclusions, from their meeting in Tampere in 1999. During the meeting The Council agreed to create a common European asylum system.

The Dublin Regulation entered into force in 2003. The purpose of the regulation was to establish criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application, lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national. The provisions of the regulation were ment to be useful inter alia, in those cases when a third country national crossed the border of the European Union... (More)
The first Dublin Regulation was a result of those institutional changes that followed by the Amsterdam Treaty coming into force. The establishment was also a result of the European Council’s conclusions, from their meeting in Tampere in 1999. During the meeting The Council agreed to create a common European asylum system.

The Dublin Regulation entered into force in 2003. The purpose of the regulation was to establish criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application, lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national. The provisions of the regulation were ment to be useful inter alia, in those cases when a third country national crossed the border of the European Union through one Member State, but applied for asylum in another. In those cases, the latter State had to transfer the responsibility for examining the relevant application to the former state (the recipient state). However, a problem arose when there was reason to doubt the recipient state's ability to meet the rights of the asylum seekers. Thus, in those cases the transferring state had to consider whether it would be inconsistent with the principle of non-refoulment and/or the article 3 of the ECHR, to execute the decision to transfer the applicant to the recipient state.

In a number of rulings, the Swedish Migration Court of Appeal has had to consider how the rights of asylum seekers are to be met within the application of the Dublin Regulation. Out of these considerations, there is possible to identify a conflict between the rights of asylum seekers and the member states wish to act in a loyal manner towards the common unison regulations. This paper finds that a high degree of disproportions had to exist in the recipient stat’s asylum procedure to justify an exclusion of the provisions in the former Dublin regulation in favour to meet the rights of asylum seekers. It also finds that a substantial responsibility, to clarify that the receiving state's management of asylum cases is poor, is the burden of the asylum seekers. Considering that a new Dublin Regulation came into force in July 2013, this paper also addresses what prospects there are for Sweden to safeguard the rights of asylum seekers when the new regulation is to be applied. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Den första Dublinförordningens tillkomst var ett resultat av de institutionella förändringar som följde av Amsterdamfördragets ikraftträdande. Dess upprättande var också ett resultat
av de slutsatser som det Europeiska rådet enades om under sitt möte i Tammerfors år 1999. Rådet beslutade då att unionens medlemsstater på sikt skulle ha ett gemensamt asylsystem.

Dublinförordningen trädde i kraft år 2003. Syftet med förordningen var att upprätta kriterier och mekanismer för att avgöra vilken medlemsstat som skulle ansvara för att pröva en asylansökan som hade lämnats in i någon utav unionens medlemsstater. Dess bestämmelser aktualiserades bland annat i de fall då en tredjelandsmedborgare passerade den Europeiska unionens gräns via en... (More)
Den första Dublinförordningens tillkomst var ett resultat av de institutionella förändringar som följde av Amsterdamfördragets ikraftträdande. Dess upprättande var också ett resultat
av de slutsatser som det Europeiska rådet enades om under sitt möte i Tammerfors år 1999. Rådet beslutade då att unionens medlemsstater på sikt skulle ha ett gemensamt asylsystem.

Dublinförordningen trädde i kraft år 2003. Syftet med förordningen var att upprätta kriterier och mekanismer för att avgöra vilken medlemsstat som skulle ansvara för att pröva en asylansökan som hade lämnats in i någon utav unionens medlemsstater. Dess bestämmelser aktualiserades bland annat i de fall då en tredjelandsmedborgare passerade den Europeiska unionens gräns via en medlemsstat men ansökte om asyl i en annan. I dessa fall skulle den senare medlemsstaten överföra ansvaret för att pröva den ifrågavarande asylansökan till den förra (mottagarstaten). Problem uppstod emellertid då det fanns anledning att betvivla den mottagande statens förmåga att tillgodose den asylsökandes rättigheter. Den överförande staten hade då att ta ställning till huruvida det skulle vara oförenligt med den folkrättsliga principen om non-refoulment och artikel 3 i Europakonventionen att överföra den asylsökande till den mottagande staten.

I ett antal svenska avgöranden har Migrationsöverdomstolen haft att ta ställning till hur den asylsökandes rättigheter ska tas tillvara inom Dublinförordningens tillämpningsområde. Ett ställningstagande som i slutänden har utmynnat i en balansgång mellan den asylsökandes rättigheter och lojaliteten till unionens gemensamma regelverk. I den här uppsatsen konstateras det att en hög grad av missförhållanden krävdes för att (den gamla) Dublinförordningens ansvarsbestämmelser skulle undantas till förmån för den asylsökandes rättigheter. Det konstateras även att ett omfattande ansvar för att klargöra att den mottagande statens hantering av asylärenden är undermålig, har lagts på den asylsökande. Med beaktande av att en ny Dublinförordning trädde i kraft i juli år 2013 behandlar även uppsatsen vilka utsikter som Sverige har för att tillvarata den asylsökandes rättigheter inom ramen för den nya förordningens tillämpningsområde. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Redin, Anna LU
supervisor
organization
course
LAGF03 20132
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
EU-rätt, Förvaltningsrätt, Asyl, Dublinförordningen, Europakonventionen, Non-refoulment
language
Swedish
id
4228526
date added to LUP
2014-01-28 16:45:02
date last changed
2014-01-28 16:45:02
@misc{4228526,
  abstract     = {The first Dublin Regulation was a result of those institutional changes that followed by the Amsterdam Treaty coming into force. The establishment was also a result of the European Council’s conclusions, from their meeting in Tampere in 1999. During the meeting The Council agreed to create a common European asylum system. 

The Dublin Regulation entered into force in 2003. The purpose of the regulation was to establish criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application, lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national. The provisions of the regulation were ment to be useful inter alia, in those cases when a third country national crossed the border of the European Union through one Member State, but applied for asylum in another. In those cases, the latter State had to transfer the responsibility for examining the relevant application to the former state (the recipient state). However, a problem arose when there was reason to doubt the recipient state's ability to meet the rights of the asylum seekers. Thus, in those cases the transferring state had to consider whether it would be inconsistent with the principle of non-refoulment and/or the article 3 of the ECHR, to execute the decision to transfer the applicant to the recipient state.

In a number of rulings, the Swedish Migration Court of Appeal has had to consider how the rights of asylum seekers are to be met within the application of the Dublin Regulation. Out of these considerations, there is possible to identify a conflict between the rights of asylum seekers and the member states wish to act in a loyal manner towards the common unison regulations. This paper finds that a high degree of disproportions had to exist in the recipient stat’s asylum procedure to justify an exclusion of the provisions in the former Dublin regulation in favour to meet the rights of asylum seekers. It also finds that a substantial responsibility, to clarify that the receiving state's management of asylum cases is poor, is the burden of the asylum seekers. Considering that a new Dublin Regulation came into force in July 2013, this paper also addresses what prospects there are for Sweden to safeguard the rights of asylum seekers when the new regulation is to be applied.},
  author       = {Redin, Anna},
  keyword      = {EU-rätt,Förvaltningsrätt,Asyl,Dublinförordningen,Europakonventionen,Non-refoulment},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Sverige, Dublinreglerna och den asylsökandes rättigheter},
  year         = {2013},
}