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Brukets brottsdimension - En komparativ studie av portugisisk och svensk narkotikalagstiftning

Raguz, Visnja LU (2013) LAGF03 20132
Department of Law
Faculty of Law
Abstract
Drug legislation in Europe differs from country to country, and this paper is intended to compare the Portuguese and Swedish legislation.
Although the two countries are both bound by the international conventions on the area of drugs, the three UN Conventions which regulate the criminalization of illegal drug trade, they have chosen different approaches when it comes to regulating personal consumption. Both the UN Conventions and the EU regulation let the countries decide for themselves how they choose to tackle the problem of personal consumption of drugs.
Sweden has chosen the path of full criminalization, with a tough policy towards both demand and supply. Portugal, on the other hand, has chosen to put in actions against the illegal... (More)
Drug legislation in Europe differs from country to country, and this paper is intended to compare the Portuguese and Swedish legislation.
Although the two countries are both bound by the international conventions on the area of drugs, the three UN Conventions which regulate the criminalization of illegal drug trade, they have chosen different approaches when it comes to regulating personal consumption. Both the UN Conventions and the EU regulation let the countries decide for themselves how they choose to tackle the problem of personal consumption of drugs.
Sweden has chosen the path of full criminalization, with a tough policy towards both demand and supply. Portugal, on the other hand, has chosen to put in actions against the illegal drug trade, but to decriminalize personal consumption. Nowadays, it’s merely an administrative offence, and the measurements against this usually take the form of rehabilitation programmes.
The paper begins with an introduction of the topic, and then it describes the grounds for criminalization. It discusses various criminological theories, which can be applied to abuse problems, with a discussion about the reasons behind legislation.
The third to fifth chapters describe the international, Swedish and Portuguese legal frameworks in this area.
The last chapter, the analysis, tries to answer the initial questions and discusses the pros and cons of criminalization versus decriminalization. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Narkotikalagstiftningen i de europeiska länderna skiljer sig åt, och den här uppsatsen har som syfte att jämföra den portugisiska och den svenska lagstiftningen.
Även om de två länderna har anslutit sig till samma internationella konventioner på området, de tre FN-konventionerna som sätter upp de yttre ramarna för kriminalisering av t.ex. illegal droghandel, så har de valt olika tillvägagångssätt när det kommer till reglering av eget bruk. Både FN-konventionerna, och EU:s rambeslut på området, låter länderna själva bestämma hur de vill tackla problemet med egen konsumtion av narkotika.
Sverige har valt en full kriminalisering, med hård politik mot både efterfrågan och utbud. Portugal, å andra sidan, har valt att bestraffa illegal... (More)
Narkotikalagstiftningen i de europeiska länderna skiljer sig åt, och den här uppsatsen har som syfte att jämföra den portugisiska och den svenska lagstiftningen.
Även om de två länderna har anslutit sig till samma internationella konventioner på området, de tre FN-konventionerna som sätter upp de yttre ramarna för kriminalisering av t.ex. illegal droghandel, så har de valt olika tillvägagångssätt när det kommer till reglering av eget bruk. Både FN-konventionerna, och EU:s rambeslut på området, låter länderna själva bestämma hur de vill tackla problemet med egen konsumtion av narkotika.
Sverige har valt en full kriminalisering, med hård politik mot både efterfrågan och utbud. Portugal, å andra sidan, har valt att bestraffa illegal droghandel hårt, men avkriminalisera det egna bruket. Det får enligt portugisisk rättsordning numer endast administrativa påföljder, som oftast har karaktären av rehabiliteringsåtgärder.
Uppsatsen inleds med en introduktion över ämnet, och går sedan in på kriminaliseringens grunder. Här diskuteras olika kriminologiska teorier, som kan tillämpas på missbruksproblematiken, och en övergripande diskussion om orsakerna bakom lagstiftning förs.
Vidare redogör tredje till femte kapitlet för de internationella, svenska och portugisiska rättsreglerna på området.
Det sista kapitlet, analysen, återkopplar till de inledande frågeställningarna och diskuterar för- och nackdelarna med en kriminalisering respektive avkriminalisering. (Less)
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author
Raguz, Visnja LU
supervisor
organization
course
LAGF03 20132
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
komparativ rätt, comparative law, straffrätt, criminal law
language
Swedish
id
4229057
date added to LUP
2014-01-28 16:46:03
date last changed
2014-01-28 16:46:03
@misc{4229057,
  abstract     = {Drug legislation in Europe differs from country to country, and this paper is intended to compare the Portuguese and Swedish legislation.
 Although the two countries are both bound by the international conventions on the area of drugs, the three UN Conventions which regulate the criminalization of illegal drug trade, they have chosen different approaches when it comes to regulating personal consumption. Both the UN Conventions and the EU regulation let the countries decide for themselves how they choose to tackle the problem of personal consumption of drugs.
 Sweden has chosen the path of full criminalization, with a tough policy towards both demand and supply. Portugal, on the other hand, has chosen to put in actions against the illegal drug trade, but to decriminalize personal consumption. Nowadays, it’s merely an administrative offence, and the measurements against this usually take the form of rehabilitation programmes.
 The paper begins with an introduction of the topic, and then it describes the grounds for criminalization. It discusses various criminological theories, which can be applied to abuse problems, with a discussion about the reasons behind legislation.
 The third to fifth chapters describe the international, Swedish and Portuguese legal frameworks in this area.
 The last chapter, the analysis, tries to answer the initial questions and discusses the pros and cons of criminalization versus decriminalization.},
  author       = {Raguz, Visnja},
  keyword      = {komparativ rätt,comparative law,straffrätt,criminal law},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Brukets brottsdimension - En komparativ studie av portugisisk och svensk narkotikalagstiftning},
  year         = {2013},
}