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Resursfördelande vid hjälpsituationer: Default bias, proportionsdominanseffekten och makt

Maserak, Katarina LU and Skoglund, Oscar LU (2014) PSYK01 20132
Department of Psychology
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine people's decision-making when it came to making a choice between two helping projects that could save either 5 out of 5 or 10 out of 2000 children respectively. Default was manipulated so that half of the participants had 5 of 5 as the default-project and the other half had 10 of 2000 as the default-project. In addition, half of the participants within each condition were primed with high power and the other half with low power. Participants showed which project they preferred by marking their choice in a questionnaire and by placing a real 20 SEK bill they had gotten, in the envelope representing the project. 156 students participated. The main results show that there was a significant effect on... (More)
The purpose of this study was to examine people's decision-making when it came to making a choice between two helping projects that could save either 5 out of 5 or 10 out of 2000 children respectively. Default was manipulated so that half of the participants had 5 of 5 as the default-project and the other half had 10 of 2000 as the default-project. In addition, half of the participants within each condition were primed with high power and the other half with low power. Participants showed which project they preferred by marking their choice in a questionnaire and by placing a real 20 SEK bill they had gotten, in the envelope representing the project. 156 students participated. The main results show that there was a significant effect on default when participants placed real money in envelopes but not when they marked their choice in the questionnaire, and that people prefer to save 10 of 2000 rather than 5 of 5 children. Power did not have any significant effect on decision-making. Inconsistent participants, that is those marking the alternative choice in the questionnaire despite leaving the money in the default-envelope, were more common among the participants who had 5 of 5 as the default-project. (Less)
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author
Maserak, Katarina LU and Skoglund, Oscar LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK01 20132
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Default, proportion dominance effect, power, helping behavior
language
Swedish
id
4318147
date added to LUP
2014-03-03 16:12:12
date last changed
2014-03-03 16:12:12
@misc{4318147,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study was to examine people's decision-making when it came to making a choice between two helping projects that could save either 5 out of 5 or 10 out of 2000 children respectively. Default was manipulated so that half of the participants had 5 of 5 as the default-project and the other half had 10 of 2000 as the default-project. In addition, half of the participants within each condition were primed with high power and the other half with low power. Participants showed which project they preferred by marking their choice in a questionnaire and by placing a real 20 SEK bill they had gotten, in the envelope representing the project. 156 students participated. The main results show that there was a significant effect on default when participants placed real money in envelopes but not when they marked their choice in the questionnaire, and that people prefer to save 10 of 2000 rather than 5 of 5 children. Power did not have any significant effect on decision-making. Inconsistent participants, that is those marking the alternative choice in the questionnaire despite leaving the money in the default-envelope, were more common among the participants who had 5 of 5 as the default-project.},
  author       = {Maserak, Katarina and Skoglund, Oscar},
  keyword      = {Default,proportion dominance effect,power,helping behavior},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Resursfördelande vid hjälpsituationer: Default bias, proportionsdominanseffekten och makt},
  year         = {2014},
}