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Unemployment and alcohol-related health in Sweden

Humal, Katrin LU (2014) NEKP01 20141
Department of Economics
Abstract
A large number of studies have explored the relations between unemployment and alcohol-related health, but so far there is no consensus among the results. This paper contributes to the literature by exploring how unemployment is related to overall alcohol consumption as well as to the rates of alcohol poisoning, alcohol addiction and alcohol-related liver disease. A fixed effects model is used on Swedish county-level data from 2000 to 2012. The results indicate that patterns in aggregate alcohol consumption might not reveal the actual health effects. Overall consumption was found not to be linked with unemployment, but a consistent positive relationship was found with the instance of alcohol poisoning, indicating that unemployment... (More)
A large number of studies have explored the relations between unemployment and alcohol-related health, but so far there is no consensus among the results. This paper contributes to the literature by exploring how unemployment is related to overall alcohol consumption as well as to the rates of alcohol poisoning, alcohol addiction and alcohol-related liver disease. A fixed effects model is used on Swedish county-level data from 2000 to 2012. The results indicate that patterns in aggregate alcohol consumption might not reveal the actual health effects. Overall consumption was found not to be linked with unemployment, but a consistent positive relationship was found with the instance of alcohol poisoning, indicating that unemployment increases binge drinking. No significant relationship was found between unemployment and alcohol addiction or alcohol-related liver disease, suggesting that unemployment does not induce alcohol abuse that is long-term enough to develop those conditions. Additionally, this paper implies it is desirable to use morbidity rates instead of mortality rates as health proxies, and that models with lags should be explored to allow for time until the alcohol-related health effects are revealed. (Less)
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author
Humal, Katrin LU
supervisor
organization
course
NEKP01 20141
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
unemployment, alcohol consumption, alcohol poisoning, alcohol addiction, alcohol-related liver disease
language
English
id
4456981
date added to LUP
2014-06-26 15:01:27
date last changed
2014-06-26 15:01:27
@misc{4456981,
  abstract     = {A large number of studies have explored the relations between unemployment and alcohol-related health, but so far there is no consensus among the results. This paper contributes to the literature by exploring how unemployment is related to overall alcohol consumption as well as to the rates of alcohol poisoning, alcohol addiction and alcohol-related liver disease. A fixed effects model is used on Swedish county-level data from 2000 to 2012. The results indicate that patterns in aggregate alcohol consumption might not reveal the actual health effects. Overall consumption was found not to be linked with unemployment, but a consistent positive relationship was found with the instance of alcohol poisoning, indicating that unemployment increases binge drinking. No significant relationship was found between unemployment and alcohol addiction or alcohol-related liver disease, suggesting that unemployment does not induce alcohol abuse that is long-term enough to develop those conditions. Additionally, this paper implies it is desirable to use morbidity rates instead of mortality rates as health proxies, and that models with lags should be explored to allow for time until the alcohol-related health effects are revealed.},
  author       = {Humal, Katrin},
  keyword      = {unemployment,alcohol consumption,alcohol poisoning,alcohol addiction,alcohol-related liver disease},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Unemployment and alcohol-related health in Sweden},
  year         = {2014},
}