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Inducing proactive interference by context reinstatement

Kerrén, Casper LU and Lykke Holm, Karl LU (2014) PSYK11 20141
Department of Psychology
Abstract
Proactive interference occurs when previously learned information interfere with current processing. The research presented here examined how old memories can compete with new information during recall by reinstating the context from which the material was learned. Participants were exposed to two around the world trips on a television screen and were tested on memory using the Brown-Peterson task. A trip consisted of nine locations (e.g. Japan) and the memory task was to memorize three triads of words from the same semantic category at each location. After the first six destinations a fourth triad of words from that same word category was presented at the same destination as before, or at a new destination. Previously learned words were... (More)
Proactive interference occurs when previously learned information interfere with current processing. The research presented here examined how old memories can compete with new information during recall by reinstating the context from which the material was learned. Participants were exposed to two around the world trips on a television screen and were tested on memory using the Brown-Peterson task. A trip consisted of nine locations (e.g. Japan) and the memory task was to memorize three triads of words from the same semantic category at each location. After the first six destinations a fourth triad of words from that same word category was presented at the same destination as before, or at a new destination. Previously learned words were then expected to interfere with the words currently being memorized if the participant visited the same locations. Thirty-three subjects (23 female, 10 male) voluntarily participated in the experiment (M = 23,93 years, range = 20 – 29 years). The results showed a declined memory performance from trial one to three. There was also a release from proactive interference in trial four. However, there was no significant difference between memory performance in trial four whether the old context was reinstated or not. (Less)
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author
Kerrén, Casper LU and Lykke Holm, Karl LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK11 20141
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
event segmentation, event model, context, proactive interference, memory
language
English
id
4461488
date added to LUP
2014-06-11 16:16:07
date last changed
2014-06-11 16:16:07
@misc{4461488,
  abstract     = {Proactive interference occurs when previously learned information interfere with current processing. The research presented here examined how old memories can compete with new information during recall by reinstating the context from which the material was learned. Participants were exposed to two around the world trips on a television screen and were tested on memory using the Brown-Peterson task. A trip consisted of nine locations (e.g. Japan) and the memory task was to memorize three triads of words from the same semantic category at each location. After the first six destinations a fourth triad of words from that same word category was presented at the same destination as before, or at a new destination. Previously learned words were then expected to interfere with the words currently being memorized if the participant visited the same locations. Thirty-three subjects (23 female, 10 male) voluntarily participated in the experiment (M = 23,93 years, range = 20 – 29 years). The results showed a declined memory performance from trial one to three. There was also a release from proactive interference in trial four. However, there was no significant difference between memory performance in trial four whether the old context was reinstated or not.},
  author       = {Kerrén, Casper and Lykke Holm, Karl},
  keyword      = {event segmentation,event model,context,proactive interference,memory},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Inducing proactive interference by context reinstatement},
  year         = {2014},
}