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The Impact of early childhood conditions on future labor outcomes: Does the early-life health and nutritional status affect future earnings into young adulthood? A case study of the Cebu Metropolitan Area, Philippines

Avgeropoulou, Elisavet LU (2014) EKHM52 20141
Department of Economic History
Abstract (Swedish)
The purpose of this study is to contribute to the expanding literature that associates early childhood conditions to future outcomes. Using the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey, we will try to provide further empirical evidence to the question whether early-life health and nutritional status has impact on earnings into young adulthood for the case of the metropolitan area of Cebu in Philippines. Acknowledging that the relationship is likely to be driven by unobserved characteristics at household and community level (Hoddinott et al., 2011), we employ the IV approach. The CLHNS provides us with two major exogenous sources of variation in child health and nutrition; residence at the time of birth and price of corn. While the OLS... (More)
The purpose of this study is to contribute to the expanding literature that associates early childhood conditions to future outcomes. Using the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey, we will try to provide further empirical evidence to the question whether early-life health and nutritional status has impact on earnings into young adulthood for the case of the metropolitan area of Cebu in Philippines. Acknowledging that the relationship is likely to be driven by unobserved characteristics at household and community level (Hoddinott et al., 2011), we employ the IV approach. The CLHNS provides us with two major exogenous sources of variation in child health and nutrition; residence at the time of birth and price of corn. While the OLS estimation indicates a strong and positive impact of the early childhood health and nutritional status on future earnings, IV estimation contradicts this result. We argue that the drawbacks of the employed instruments along with factors such as the timing of child’s growth may drive the IV estimations. Thus, OLS estimations are taken into serious consideration in determining the possible policy implications. (Less)
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author
Avgeropoulou, Elisavet LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHM52 20141
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
early childhood, nutrition, health, Philippines, future earnings, IV approach, height-for-age Z-scores
language
English
id
4468571
date added to LUP
2014-12-11 10:37:59
date last changed
2014-12-11 10:37:59
@misc{4468571,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study is to contribute to the expanding literature that associates early childhood conditions to future outcomes. Using the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey, we will try to provide further empirical evidence to the question whether early-life health and nutritional status has impact on earnings into young adulthood for the case of the metropolitan area of Cebu in Philippines. Acknowledging that the relationship is likely to be driven by unobserved characteristics at household and community level (Hoddinott et al., 2011), we employ the IV approach. The CLHNS provides us with two major exogenous sources of variation in child health and nutrition; residence at the time of birth and price of corn. While the OLS estimation indicates a strong and positive impact of the early childhood health and nutritional status on future earnings, IV estimation contradicts this result. We argue that the drawbacks of the employed instruments along with factors such as the timing of child’s growth may drive the IV estimations. Thus, OLS estimations are taken into serious consideration in determining the possible policy implications.},
  author       = {Avgeropoulou, Elisavet},
  keyword      = {early childhood,nutrition,health,Philippines,future earnings,IV approach,height-for-age Z-scores},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The Impact of early childhood conditions on future labor outcomes: Does the early-life health and nutritional status affect future earnings into young adulthood? A case study of the Cebu Metropolitan Area, Philippines},
  year         = {2014},
}