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Utilization of evacuation model for airports using risk based fire safety scenario

Ramaiyan, Murali LU (2014) In LUTVDG/TVBB VBRM05 20141
Division of Fire Safety Engineering
Abstract
This report focuses the use of egress models to study the airport evacuation with special focus on security doors in case of total evacuation in airport terminal buildings. Case studies are made in
arrival hall and departure hall of the airport terminal based on the scenarios identified in a preliminary risk analysis carried out in the terminal. Evacuation strategies are employed in the two different cases to study the evacuation based on the one way flow and counter-flow through
security doors. This report presents the generalized method of designing an airport terminal based on the design peak hour passengers and the risk based fire safety method to identify the high fire risk locations with respect to the occupant evacuation safety.... (More)
This report focuses the use of egress models to study the airport evacuation with special focus on security doors in case of total evacuation in airport terminal buildings. Case studies are made in
arrival hall and departure hall of the airport terminal based on the scenarios identified in a preliminary risk analysis carried out in the terminal. Evacuation strategies are employed in the two different cases to study the evacuation based on the one way flow and counter-flow through
security doors. This report presents the generalized method of designing an airport terminal based on the design peak hour passengers and the risk based fire safety method to identify the high fire risk locations with respect to the occupant evacuation safety. The evacuation strategies have been modeled in two simulation software tools (Pathfinder and LegionEvac) to compare the total evacuation time. The comparison between the models is discussed based on the total evacuation time. Based on the evacuation time, further evacuation strategies are simulated to study the flow pattern and evacuation problems with respect to airport environment. In the result section, critical factors which affect the airport evacuation and suggestion for optimization is discussed. (Less)
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author
Ramaiyan, Murali LU
supervisor
organization
course
VBRM05 20141
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Airport evacuation, Airport design, Risk based fire scenario, Firemen counter-flow
publication/series
LUTVDG/TVBB
report number
5459
ISSN
1402-3504
language
English
id
4522757
date added to LUP
2014-06-27 13:49:07
date last changed
2014-06-27 13:49:07
@misc{4522757,
  abstract     = {This report focuses the use of egress models to study the airport evacuation with special focus on security doors in case of total evacuation in airport terminal buildings. Case studies are made in
arrival hall and departure hall of the airport terminal based on the scenarios identified in a preliminary risk analysis carried out in the terminal. Evacuation strategies are employed in the two different cases to study the evacuation based on the one way flow and counter-flow through
security doors. This report presents the generalized method of designing an airport terminal based on the design peak hour passengers and the risk based fire safety method to identify the high fire risk locations with respect to the occupant evacuation safety. The evacuation strategies have been modeled in two simulation software tools (Pathfinder and LegionEvac) to compare the total evacuation time. The comparison between the models is discussed based on the total evacuation time. Based on the evacuation time, further evacuation strategies are simulated to study the flow pattern and evacuation problems with respect to airport environment. In the result section, critical factors which affect the airport evacuation and suggestion for optimization is discussed.},
  author       = {Ramaiyan, Murali},
  issn         = {1402-3504},
  keyword      = {Airport evacuation,Airport design,Risk based fire scenario,Firemen counter-flow},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {LUTVDG/TVBB},
  title        = {Utilization of evacuation model for airports using risk based fire safety scenario},
  year         = {2014},
}