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Foreign Direct Investments and gender labour force participation: An empirical study on Sub-Saharan Africa between 1990-2009

Timmermans, Charlotte LU (2014) EKHM52 20141
Department of Economic History
Abstract
This paper assesses how Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) impacts
female labour force participation in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). To deepen our research
we additionally consider whether FDI lead to a decrease in the gender gap in
employment participation in the region. The motivation of this research is that SSA
governments have been implementing policies to attract FDI in their economies while
little is known on the effects FDI have on gender related labour market outcomes. This
paper contributes to the general literature gap on the effects FDI has on gender
dimensions of host economies. This analysis is performed by means of OLS regressions
with fixed effects using data from 43 SSA countries over the 1990-2009 period.
Regressions... (More)
This paper assesses how Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) impacts
female labour force participation in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). To deepen our research
we additionally consider whether FDI lead to a decrease in the gender gap in
employment participation in the region. The motivation of this research is that SSA
governments have been implementing policies to attract FDI in their economies while
little is known on the effects FDI have on gender related labour market outcomes. This
paper contributes to the general literature gap on the effects FDI has on gender
dimensions of host economies. This analysis is performed by means of OLS regressions
with fixed effects using data from 43 SSA countries over the 1990-2009 period.
Regressions use first Female Labour Force participation and later the ratio of Female to
Male labour force participation as the dependent variable. The latter evaluate impacts of
FDI on gender employment participation gaps. We find that FDI flows that entered SSA
over the last couple of decades did not generate significant improvements in FLFP,
exception made for countries with initially low FLFP rates. When differentiating our
countries according to mineral endowments we found a positive effect of FDI on FLFP
that was only significant in mineral rich countries. Significant reductions in gender
employment participation gaps weren’t observed in any of our regressions. (Less)
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author
Timmermans, Charlotte LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHM52 20141
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Foreign Direct Investment, gender, labour market participation, Sub-Saharan Africa
language
English
id
4580411
date added to LUP
2014-11-24 09:07:36
date last changed
2014-11-24 09:07:36
@misc{4580411,
  abstract     = {This paper assesses how Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) impacts
female labour force participation in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). To deepen our research
we additionally consider whether FDI lead to a decrease in the gender gap in
employment participation in the region. The motivation of this research is that SSA
governments have been implementing policies to attract FDI in their economies while
little is known on the effects FDI have on gender related labour market outcomes. This
paper contributes to the general literature gap on the effects FDI has on gender
dimensions of host economies. This analysis is performed by means of OLS regressions
with fixed effects using data from 43 SSA countries over the 1990-2009 period.
Regressions use first Female Labour Force participation and later the ratio of Female to
Male labour force participation as the dependent variable. The latter evaluate impacts of
FDI on gender employment participation gaps. We find that FDI flows that entered SSA
over the last couple of decades did not generate significant improvements in FLFP,
exception made for countries with initially low FLFP rates. When differentiating our
countries according to mineral endowments we found a positive effect of FDI on FLFP
that was only significant in mineral rich countries. Significant reductions in gender
employment participation gaps weren’t observed in any of our regressions.},
  author       = {Timmermans, Charlotte},
  keyword      = {Foreign Direct Investment,gender,labour market participation,Sub-Saharan Africa},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Foreign Direct Investments and gender labour force participation: An empirical study on Sub-Saharan Africa between 1990-2009},
  year         = {2014},
}