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Parkering vid bostaden - en studie av parkeringsefterfrågan, bilanvändning och bilinnehav

Kerttu, Johan (2014)
Programmes in Helesingborg
Abstract
This thesis investigates parking in residential areas, in the context of today’s car dependent society. The aim is to study the demand for parking in residential areas and to contribute to the knowledge of how this kind of parking can be used for changing travel behavior towards less car use, by investigating the demand for parking and the importance parking facilities in residential areas on household car ownership and use. The main research questions asked are which variable that best describes the demand for parking in residential areas, what is the relationship between car ownership and car use, what households think of and how they value parking facilities, and how the parking fee affects the demand for parking and for car ownership.... (More)
This thesis investigates parking in residential areas, in the context of today’s car dependent society. The aim is to study the demand for parking in residential areas and to contribute to the knowledge of how this kind of parking can be used for changing travel behavior towards less car use, by investigating the demand for parking and the importance parking facilities in residential areas on household car ownership and use. The main research questions asked are which variable that best describes the demand for parking in residential areas, what is the relationship between car ownership and car use, what households think of and how they value parking facilities, and how the parking fee affects the demand for parking and for car ownership. A review of existing literature investigates the development of car dependent society and parking planning in Sweden and argues the importance of researching the questions asked above. The literature review also points out potential hazards of trying to use parking in residential areas for reducing car ownership. The research questions are investigated through a survey of parking facilities, their degree of use and the residential units in 11 newly constructed residential areas, consisting solely of condominiums, in Lund, Sweden, as well as through a questionnaire study of the households in five of the most centrally located of these areas. The results suggest that apartment size (the number of rooms) best correlates with the demand for parking in the residential areas. The car ownership of the households is also shown to correlate with their car use. Not only do households with car travel more often by car to different destinations, but double car households also travel more often by car to these destinations than single car households. The demand for parking is lower where the parking fee is higher, an effect that can only be shown for the area with the highest fee, compared to the other areas. The effect of parking fees on car ownership cannot be observed in the material studied. The correlations that exist may be due to other factors.
When asked about how higher parking fees would affect them, the households in the study answer that, if possible, they would park above ground or even further away, rather than in the parking garages in the areas. Some households would consider moving and some reducing their car ownership.
A central conclusion is that the demand for car ownership among the households in the areas studied is higher than the demand for parking in the areas, which makes it difficult to use parking fees for reducing car use, as higher fees would probably lead to spillover effects on nearby areas, causing parking and traffic problems. Future research is recommended to focus on the correlation between apartment size and the demand for parking. Is it valid for other types of residential areas, in other locations and with other apartment types than condominiums? The demand and willingness of households to pay for parking and car ownership should also be investigated and determined more closely. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Kerttu, Johan
organization
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
parkering; parkeringsavgift; parkering vid bostaden; parkering som styrmedel; bilsamhälle; parkeringsefterfrågan
language
Swedish
id
4609928
alternative location
http://portal.ch.lu.se/Campus.NET/Services/Publication/Export.aspx?id=2705&type=doc
date added to LUP
2014-08-22 03:45:10
date last changed
2014-08-22 03:45:10
@misc{4609928,
  abstract     = {This thesis investigates parking in residential areas, in the context of today’s car dependent society. The aim is to study the demand for parking in residential areas and to contribute to the knowledge of how this kind of parking can be used for changing travel behavior towards less car use, by investigating the demand for parking and the importance parking facilities in residential areas on household car ownership and use. The main research questions asked are which variable that best describes the demand for parking in residential areas, what is the relationship between car ownership and car use, what households think of and how they value parking facilities, and how the parking fee affects the demand for parking and for car ownership. A review of existing literature investigates the development of car dependent society and parking planning in Sweden and argues the importance of researching the questions asked above. The literature review also points out potential hazards of trying to use parking in residential areas for reducing car ownership. The research questions are investigated through a survey of parking facilities, their degree of use and the residential units in 11 newly constructed residential areas, consisting solely of condominiums, in Lund, Sweden, as well as through a questionnaire study of the households in five of the most centrally located of these areas. The results suggest that apartment size (the number of rooms) best correlates with the demand for parking in the residential areas. The car ownership of the households is also shown to correlate with their car use. Not only do households with car travel more often by car to different destinations, but double car households also travel more often by car to these destinations than single car households. The demand for parking is lower where the parking fee is higher, an effect that can only be shown for the area with the highest fee, compared to the other areas. The effect of parking fees on car ownership cannot be observed in the material studied. The correlations that exist may be due to other factors.
When asked about how higher parking fees would affect them, the households in the study answer that, if possible, they would park above ground or even further away, rather than in the parking garages in the areas. Some households would consider moving and some reducing their car ownership.
A central conclusion is that the demand for car ownership among the households in the areas studied is higher than the demand for parking in the areas, which makes it difficult to use parking fees for reducing car use, as higher fees would probably lead to spillover effects on nearby areas, causing parking and traffic problems. Future research is recommended to focus on the correlation between apartment size and the demand for parking. Is it valid for other types of residential areas, in other locations and with other apartment types than condominiums? The demand and willingness of households to pay for parking and car ownership should also be investigated and determined more closely.},
  author       = {Kerttu, Johan},
  keyword      = {parkering; parkeringsavgift; parkering vid bostaden; parkering som styrmedel; bilsamhälle; parkeringsefterfrågan},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Parkering vid bostaden - en studie av parkeringsefterfrågan, bilanvändning och bilinnehav},
  year         = {2014},
}