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Adult Attachment Interview. En metod att använda i klinisk verksamhet? En studie av anknytningsstil hos personer som diagnosticerats med borderline personlighetstörning.

Lindestam, Kristina LU and Rundquist, Jessica LU (2015) PPTN76 20151
Department of Psychology
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate if the AAI-interview was a useful method in a clinical setting. To investigate this we interviewed eight women with diagnosis Borderline personality disorder because this is a complex and resource-intensive group of patients. The study also aims to investigate if people with this personality disorder show a specific attachment style and often classifies as unresolved. All of the participants were outpatients at a psychiatric clinic in Sweden. All of the women had experienced at least one traumatic event before the age of 17. The results of this study showed that four (50%) of the participants were classified as insecure-preoccupied attachment, one participant were classified as secure-autonomous... (More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate if the AAI-interview was a useful method in a clinical setting. To investigate this we interviewed eight women with diagnosis Borderline personality disorder because this is a complex and resource-intensive group of patients. The study also aims to investigate if people with this personality disorder show a specific attachment style and often classifies as unresolved. All of the participants were outpatients at a psychiatric clinic in Sweden. All of the women had experienced at least one traumatic event before the age of 17. The results of this study showed that four (50%) of the participants were classified as insecure-preoccupied attachment, one participant were classified as secure-autonomous attachment, two (25%) participants were classified as insecure-dismissive attachment. Two (25%) of the participants were classified as Cannot Classify and five (63%) of the participants were classified as unresolved. These results correlate with the results of prior research. It is important to take in to account that this study is on a small sample and is therefore not possible to generalize. The conclusion of this study is that it is important to consider the perspective of attachment theory in clinical setting as well as the usefulness of the AAI instrument and codingsystem. The authors opinion is that the AAI is a good compliment to diagnosing and when assessing and evaluating psychotherapy. The AAI instrument however is time consuming and requires a lot of training and experience. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om AAI-intervjun är en användbar metod i klinisk verksamhet. För att undersöka detta genomfördes åtta AAI-intervjuer av kvinnor med diagnosen borderline personlighetsstörning eftersom denna grupp är svårbehandlad och resurskrävande. Studien ville också undersöka om personer med denna personlighetsstörning uppvisar ett specifikt anknytningsmönster och ofta har ett olöst trauma. Samtliga deltagare var patienter på en allmänpsykiatrisk mottagning. Kvinnorna hade dessutom minst ett upplevt trauma före 17 års ålder. Resultaten avseende anknytningsmönster i denna studie visade att fyra deltagare (50%) kodades som otrygg-överdrivet upptagen, en person kodades som trygg-autonom, två deltagare (25%) kodades... (More)
Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om AAI-intervjun är en användbar metod i klinisk verksamhet. För att undersöka detta genomfördes åtta AAI-intervjuer av kvinnor med diagnosen borderline personlighetsstörning eftersom denna grupp är svårbehandlad och resurskrävande. Studien ville också undersöka om personer med denna personlighetsstörning uppvisar ett specifikt anknytningsmönster och ofta har ett olöst trauma. Samtliga deltagare var patienter på en allmänpsykiatrisk mottagning. Kvinnorna hade dessutom minst ett upplevt trauma före 17 års ålder. Resultaten avseende anknytningsmönster i denna studie visade att fyra deltagare (50%) kodades som otrygg-överdrivet upptagen, en person kodades som trygg-autonom, två deltagare (25%) kodades som otrygg-avfärdande, två deltagare (25%) kodades som Cannot Classify och fem deltagare (63%) kodades som olöst avseende trauma/förlust. Dessa resultat stämmer väl med resultat från tidigare forskning. Det är viktigt att beakta att eftersom studien är så liten är det svårt att generalisera resultaten. Studiens slutsats blir att det är viktigt att ha ett anknytningsteoretiskt perspektiv i klinisk verksamhet liksom att AAI-intervjun med tillhörande kodning är ett informativt och användbart instrument. Författarna ser att det skulle ge mycket som komplement vid diagnostik och vid bedömning och utvärdering av psykoterapi. Instrumentet är dock tidskrävande och kräver mycket utbildning och erfarenhet för att kunna användas fullt ut. (Less)
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author
Lindestam, Kristina LU and Rundquist, Jessica LU
supervisor
organization
course
PPTN76 20151
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
AAI, Adult Attachment Interview, Borderline personality disorder, attachment style, attachment, clinical out-patients, women
language
Swedish
id
5461957
date added to LUP
2015-06-02 08:06:57
date last changed
2015-06-02 08:06:57
@misc{5461957,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study was to investigate if the AAI-interview was a useful method in a clinical setting. To investigate this we interviewed eight women with diagnosis Borderline personality disorder because this is a complex and resource-intensive group of patients. The study also aims to investigate if people with this personality disorder show a specific attachment style and often classifies as unresolved. All of the participants were outpatients at a psychiatric clinic in Sweden. All of the women had experienced at least one traumatic event before the age of 17. The results of this study showed that four (50%) of the participants were classified as insecure-preoccupied attachment, one participant were classified as secure-autonomous attachment, two (25%) participants were classified as insecure-dismissive attachment. Two (25%) of the participants were classified as Cannot Classify and five (63%) of the participants were classified as unresolved. These results correlate with the results of prior research. It is important to take in to account that this study is on a small sample and is therefore not possible to generalize. The conclusion of this study is that it is important to consider the perspective of attachment theory in clinical setting as well as the usefulness of the AAI instrument and codingsystem. The authors opinion is that the AAI is a good compliment to diagnosing and when assessing and evaluating psychotherapy. The AAI instrument however is time consuming and requires a lot of training and experience.},
  author       = {Lindestam, Kristina and Rundquist, Jessica},
  keyword      = {AAI,Adult Attachment Interview,Borderline personality disorder,attachment style,attachment,clinical out-patients,women},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Adult Attachment Interview. En metod att använda i klinisk verksamhet? En studie av anknytningsstil hos personer som diagnosticerats med borderline personlighetstörning.},
  year         = {2015},
}