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What effect does the relationship between the encoding-retrieval match and cue overload have on memory performance? Is confidence-accuracy correlation affected by the diagnostic value of a cue? An assessment of memory functions.

Albinsson, Saskia LU and Andreasson, Tobias LU (2015) PSYK11 20151
Department of Psychology
Abstract
The encoding-retrieval match has been established as a means to improve memory performance. It has recently been proposed that memory performance is not only explained by the encoding-retrieval match and that the cue overload effect needs to be taken into account when predicting memory performance. In the present study, participants were tested using a cued recall methodology. During a study phase, participants viewed word-pairs with pictures in the background. During the test phase the participants identified whether intact or recombined word-pairs were presented while again having pictures in the background. The pictures contributed as retrieval cues during the test phase. The participants also rated their confidence about their decision... (More)
The encoding-retrieval match has been established as a means to improve memory performance. It has recently been proposed that memory performance is not only explained by the encoding-retrieval match and that the cue overload effect needs to be taken into account when predicting memory performance. In the present study, participants were tested using a cued recall methodology. During a study phase, participants viewed word-pairs with pictures in the background. During the test phase the participants identified whether intact or recombined word-pairs were presented while again having pictures in the background. The pictures contributed as retrieval cues during the test phase. The participants also rated their confidence about their decision on a 1-5 scale. By using the pictures in the background as the manipulation, memory performance in a Baseline condition, a Diagnostic Cue condition (with a unique picture) and a Non-Diagnostic Cue condition (with a re-used picture) was statistically analyzed to explore the relationship between the encoding-retrieval match and the cue overload effect. The analysis showed that during the Diagnostic Cue condition, participants’ performance was enhanced relative to the Baseline condition. The cue overload effect undermined the positive effect that the encoding-retrieval match had on memory performance during the Non-Diagnostic Cue condition. Confidence ratings significantly and positively correlated with accuracy. No significant difference between the CA-correlations of the different conditions was discovered. This study's results suggests that a cues diagnostic value has great importance for whether a person may benefit or not from the encoding-retrieval match during cued recall. (Less)
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author
Albinsson, Saskia LU and Andreasson, Tobias LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK11 20151
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
encoding-retrieval match, cue overload, confidence, optimality hypothesis
language
English
id
5467053
date added to LUP
2015-06-09 09:27:06
date last changed
2015-06-09 09:27:06
@misc{5467053,
  abstract     = {The encoding-retrieval match has been established as a means to improve memory performance. It has recently been proposed that memory performance is not only explained by the encoding-retrieval match and that the cue overload effect needs to be taken into account when predicting memory performance. In the present study, participants were tested using a cued recall methodology. During a study phase, participants viewed word-pairs with pictures in the background. During the test phase the participants identified whether intact or recombined word-pairs were presented while again having pictures in the background. The pictures contributed as retrieval cues during the test phase. The participants also rated their confidence about their decision on a 1-5 scale. By using the pictures in the background as the manipulation, memory performance in a Baseline condition, a Diagnostic Cue condition (with a unique picture) and a Non-Diagnostic Cue condition (with a re-used picture) was statistically analyzed to explore the relationship between the encoding-retrieval match and the cue overload effect. The analysis showed that during the Diagnostic Cue condition, participants’ performance was enhanced relative to the Baseline condition. The cue overload effect undermined the positive effect that the encoding-retrieval match had on memory performance during the Non-Diagnostic Cue condition. Confidence ratings significantly and positively correlated with accuracy. No significant difference between the CA-correlations of the different conditions was discovered. This study's results suggests that a cues diagnostic value has great importance for whether a person may benefit or not from the encoding-retrieval match during cued recall.},
  author       = {Albinsson, Saskia and Andreasson, Tobias},
  keyword      = {encoding-retrieval match,cue overload,confidence,optimality hypothesis},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {What effect does the relationship between the encoding-retrieval match and cue overload have on memory performance? Is confidence-accuracy correlation affected by the diagnostic value of a cue? An assessment of memory functions.},
  year         = {2015},
}