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Does it matter who makes the money? An empirical analysis of women’s bargaining power and child outcomes in Indonesia

Deijl, Claudia Miranda LU (2015) EKHM52 20151
Department of Economic History
Abstract
Could an even larger push for women empowerment be a viable development strategy for developing countries? A large literature relates the bargaining power of women to improved health and education of their children (Majlesi, 2015; Qian, 2008; Bobonis, 2009; Duflo, 2003; Lundberg, Pollak and Wales, 1997). However, it remains a challenge to find a good proxy for bargaining power that truly reflects the decision-making power of the mother in the household. This thesis aims to contribute to the literature by using women's earnings, relative to that of their husband, as a proxy for bargaining power and tracking whether decisions made in the household change hands as the income of the mother rises. Using two waves of panel data from the... (More)
Could an even larger push for women empowerment be a viable development strategy for developing countries? A large literature relates the bargaining power of women to improved health and education of their children (Majlesi, 2015; Qian, 2008; Bobonis, 2009; Duflo, 2003; Lundberg, Pollak and Wales, 1997). However, it remains a challenge to find a good proxy for bargaining power that truly reflects the decision-making power of the mother in the household. This thesis aims to contribute to the literature by using women's earnings, relative to that of their husband, as a proxy for bargaining power and tracking whether decisions made in the household change hands as the income of the mother rises. Using two waves of panel data from the Indonesian Family Life Survey and a fixed effects methodology, this thesis finds that women's bargaining power has a significant effect on children's health, but not on education. Mothers with a relatively high income display stronger effects for girls, while mothers with a comparatively low income prefer to invest in the health of sons. Curiously, as the income of the mother rises, her decision-making power over education increases while her influence over child health does not change significantly. (Less)
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author
Deijl, Claudia Miranda LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHM52 20151
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Women Empowerment, Bargaining Power, Household Decisions, Development
language
English
id
7374346
date added to LUP
2015-06-25 12:33:40
date last changed
2015-06-25 12:33:40
@misc{7374346,
  abstract     = {Could an even larger push for women empowerment be a viable development strategy for developing countries? A large literature relates the bargaining power of women to improved health and education of their children (Majlesi, 2015; Qian, 2008; Bobonis, 2009; Duflo, 2003; Lundberg, Pollak and Wales, 1997). However, it remains a challenge to find a good proxy for bargaining power that truly reflects the decision-making power of the mother in the household. This thesis aims to contribute to the literature by using women's earnings, relative to that of their husband, as a proxy for bargaining power and tracking whether decisions made in the household change hands as the income of the mother rises. Using two waves of panel data from the Indonesian Family Life Survey and a fixed effects methodology, this thesis finds that women's bargaining power has a significant effect on children's health, but not on education. Mothers with a relatively high income display stronger effects for girls, while mothers with a comparatively low income prefer to invest in the health of sons. Curiously, as the income of the mother rises, her decision-making power over education increases while her influence over child health does not change significantly.},
  author       = {Deijl, Claudia Miranda},
  keyword      = {Women Empowerment,Bargaining Power,Household Decisions,Development},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Does it matter who makes the money? An empirical analysis of women’s bargaining power and child outcomes in Indonesia},
  year         = {2015},
}