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Implementationsintentioner som strategi för emotionsreglering av spindelrädsla

Mattsson, Sofie LU and Boman, Christian LU (2015) PSYK01 20151
Department of Psychology
Abstract
Even though intentions works as predictors for behavior, research has shown a weak relation between the two. Implementation intentions has been shown to be effective in bridging the gap between intention and behavior, under various circumstances, for example when it comes to emotion regulation. Implementation intentions are ”If... then”-plans that connect a situation to a desired behavior. This study examined implementation intentions effectiveness in regulating fear in spider fearful participants when presented with spider stimuli, with an increasing grade of strain. The study partially replicated Schweiger Gallo et al.:s (2009) study, and extended it by having longer duration of picture-exposure, showing a video and also a casted spider... (More)
Even though intentions works as predictors for behavior, research has shown a weak relation between the two. Implementation intentions has been shown to be effective in bridging the gap between intention and behavior, under various circumstances, for example when it comes to emotion regulation. Implementation intentions are ”If... then”-plans that connect a situation to a desired behavior. This study examined implementation intentions effectiveness in regulating fear in spider fearful participants when presented with spider stimuli, with an increasing grade of strain. The study partially replicated Schweiger Gallo et al.:s (2009) study, and extended it by having longer duration of picture-exposure, showing a video and also a casted spider skin. A behavior measure was added to the spider skin condition. The changes were intended to increase the ecological validity of the study and to test implementation intentions under more strenuous circumstances than before studied in emotion regulation. The results supported implementation intentions effectiveness in helping to induce behaviors that are congruent with intentions, when it came to measures with behavior. No differences between the groups were found for self-report measures in any of the conditions. Contrary to the hypothesis, mere goal intentions were found to be more effective in regulating arousal during exposure to the video. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Även om intentionen att agera fungerar som prediktor till beteende så har den samlade forskningen visat på en svaghet i intentioners kraft att påverka beteenden. Implementationsintentioner har visat sig effektiva för att skapa beteenden i kongruens med intentioner under en rad omständigheter, bland annat för reglering av emotioner. Implementationsintentioner är påståenden i ”Om ... då”- form som binder en situation till ett önskat beteende. Denna studie undersökte implementationsintentioners effektivitet för reglering av emotionen rädsla hos spindelrädda personer, inför spindelstimuli med stegrande grad av påfrestning. Studien replikerade delvis en studie av Schweiger Gallo et al. (2009) och utökade den genom längre exponeringstid på... (More)
Även om intentionen att agera fungerar som prediktor till beteende så har den samlade forskningen visat på en svaghet i intentioners kraft att påverka beteenden. Implementationsintentioner har visat sig effektiva för att skapa beteenden i kongruens med intentioner under en rad omständigheter, bland annat för reglering av emotioner. Implementationsintentioner är påståenden i ”Om ... då”- form som binder en situation till ett önskat beteende. Denna studie undersökte implementationsintentioners effektivitet för reglering av emotionen rädsla hos spindelrädda personer, inför spindelstimuli med stegrande grad av påfrestning. Studien replikerade delvis en studie av Schweiger Gallo et al. (2009) och utökade den genom längre exponeringstid på bilderna, visning av en video samt visning av ett ömsat spindelskal. Ett beteendemått lades till vid spindelskalsvisning. Dessa förändringar var ämnade att öka den ekologiska validiteten och testade implementationsintentioner under mer krävande omständigheter än vad som tidigare har gjorts för emotionsreglering. Resultaten gav stöd för implementationsintentioners effektivitet för att skapa beteenden i kongruens med intentioner när det gällde beteendemått. Däremot observerades inga skillnader mellan grupperna för självskattning i någon av betingelserna, samt en motsatt förväntad effekt för arousal under videovisningen, där målintentioner visade sig mer effektiva. (Less)
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author
Mattsson, Sofie LU and Boman, Christian LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK01 20151
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
spider fear, emotion regulation, skin conductance, goal intentions, Implementation intentions, hudkonduktans, emotionsreglering, spindelrädsla, Implementationsintentioner, målintentioner
language
Swedish
id
8031408
date added to LUP
2015-09-29 11:33:47
date last changed
2015-09-29 11:33:47
@misc{8031408,
  abstract     = {Even though intentions works as predictors for behavior, research has shown a weak relation between the two. Implementation intentions has been shown to be effective in bridging the gap between intention and behavior, under various circumstances, for example when it comes to emotion regulation. Implementation intentions are ”If... then”-plans that connect a situation to a desired behavior. This study examined implementation intentions effectiveness in regulating fear in spider fearful participants when presented with spider stimuli, with an increasing grade of strain. The study partially replicated Schweiger Gallo et al.:s (2009) study, and extended it by having longer duration of picture-exposure, showing a video and also a casted spider skin. A behavior measure was added to the spider skin condition. The changes were intended to increase the ecological validity of the study and to test implementation intentions under more strenuous circumstances than before studied in emotion regulation. The results supported implementation intentions effectiveness in helping to induce behaviors that are congruent with intentions, when it came to measures with behavior. No differences between the groups were found for self-report measures in any of the conditions. Contrary to the hypothesis, mere goal intentions were found to be more effective in regulating arousal during exposure to the video.},
  author       = {Mattsson, Sofie and Boman, Christian},
  keyword      = {spider fear,emotion regulation,skin conductance,goal intentions,Implementation intentions,hudkonduktans,emotionsreglering,spindelrädsla,Implementationsintentioner,målintentioner},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Implementationsintentioner som strategi för emotionsreglering av spindelrädsla},
  year         = {2015},
}